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Maternal obesity and offspring dietary patterns at 9 months of age.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015 Jun; 69(6):668-75.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

Differences in the quality of complementary feeding between infants of obese and nonobese mothers have not been examined sufficiently. The aim of this paper was to compare dietary patterns, foods, nutrients and energy intakes of 9-month-old Danish infants in a cohort comprising obese mothers (SKOT II, n=184; SKOT, Danish abbreviation of small children's diet and well-being) with a cohort consisting mainly of nonobese mothers (SKOT I, n=329).

SUBJECTS/METHODS

Dietary intake was assessed by 7-day records, and dietary patterns were identified by principal component analysis.

RESULTS

SKOT I was characterized by a lower maternal body mass index (BMI) and a higher social class than SKOT II in relation to parental education and occupation. Infants in SKOT II had lower scores on a Health-Conscious Food pattern reflected at the food group level, for example, with lower intake of the food groups Fruit and Vegetable but higher intake of WheatBreadNoWholegrain in SKOT II compared with SKOT I. Moreover, SKOT II had shorter durations of breastfeeding, earlier introductions of complementary feeding, higher energy intake from protein but lower energy intakes from monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids at 9 months. SKOT II had higher weight-for-age and length-for-age z-scores, but no differences in BMI z-scores, as compared with SKOT I at 9 months.

CONCLUSIONS

Infants of obese mothers from a lower social class seem to have a less healthy diet and higher weight and length z-scores at 9 months. Therefore, the promotion of healthy complementary feeding might be beneficial for the prevention of health implications, such as obesity, later in life for these infants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark.Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.Department of Pediatrics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark.Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25469467

Citation

Andersen, L B B., et al. "Maternal Obesity and Offspring Dietary Patterns at 9 Months of Age." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 69, no. 6, 2015, pp. 668-75.
Andersen LB, Pipper CB, Trolle E, et al. Maternal obesity and offspring dietary patterns at 9 months of age. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(6):668-75.
Andersen, L. B., Pipper, C. B., Trolle, E., Bro, R., Larnkjær, A., Carlsen, E. M., Mølgaard, C., & Michaelsen, K. F. (2015). Maternal obesity and offspring dietary patterns at 9 months of age. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69(6), 668-75. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2014.258
Andersen LB, et al. Maternal Obesity and Offspring Dietary Patterns at 9 Months of Age. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(6):668-75. PubMed PMID: 25469467.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal obesity and offspring dietary patterns at 9 months of age. AU - Andersen,L B B, AU - Pipper,C B, AU - Trolle,E, AU - Bro,R, AU - Larnkjær,A, AU - Carlsen,E M, AU - Mølgaard,C, AU - Michaelsen,K F, Y1 - 2014/12/03/ PY - 2014/08/15/received PY - 2014/10/07/revised PY - 2014/10/10/accepted PY - 2014/12/4/entrez PY - 2014/12/4/pubmed PY - 2016/2/24/medline SP - 668 EP - 75 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 69 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Differences in the quality of complementary feeding between infants of obese and nonobese mothers have not been examined sufficiently. The aim of this paper was to compare dietary patterns, foods, nutrients and energy intakes of 9-month-old Danish infants in a cohort comprising obese mothers (SKOT II, n=184; SKOT, Danish abbreviation of small children's diet and well-being) with a cohort consisting mainly of nonobese mothers (SKOT I, n=329). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed by 7-day records, and dietary patterns were identified by principal component analysis. RESULTS: SKOT I was characterized by a lower maternal body mass index (BMI) and a higher social class than SKOT II in relation to parental education and occupation. Infants in SKOT II had lower scores on a Health-Conscious Food pattern reflected at the food group level, for example, with lower intake of the food groups Fruit and Vegetable but higher intake of WheatBreadNoWholegrain in SKOT II compared with SKOT I. Moreover, SKOT II had shorter durations of breastfeeding, earlier introductions of complementary feeding, higher energy intake from protein but lower energy intakes from monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids at 9 months. SKOT II had higher weight-for-age and length-for-age z-scores, but no differences in BMI z-scores, as compared with SKOT I at 9 months. CONCLUSIONS: Infants of obese mothers from a lower social class seem to have a less healthy diet and higher weight and length z-scores at 9 months. Therefore, the promotion of healthy complementary feeding might be beneficial for the prevention of health implications, such as obesity, later in life for these infants. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25469467/Maternal_obesity_and_offspring_dietary_patterns_at_9_months_of_age_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2014.258 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -