Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran.
Pharm Biol 2015; 53(4):483-7PB

Abstract

CONTEXT

Ferula cupularis (Boiss.) Spalik et S. R. Downie (Apiaceae) is a common plant in Iran that grows in the foothills of Dena Mountain. In traditional folk medicine, this plant has different applications, but there are no studies proving their uses.

OBJECTIVE

This study is the first attempt to investigate the chemical composition and antibacterial effect of the essential oils of F. cupularis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The essential oils from flower, leaf, and stem of F. cupularis were analyzed by using GC and GC-MS. Antibacterial activity of essential oils was determined by microdilution method against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

RESULTS

The essential oil from flower of F. cupularis contained 15 monoterpene, 13 oxygenated monoterpene, and 2 sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. The leaf essential oil contained 12 monoterpene, 13 oxygenated monoterpene, 2 sesquiterpene, 6 oxygenated sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, and 3 non-terpenoid components. Stem essential oil contained one monoterpene, 23 oxygenated monoterpene, 2 sesquiterpene, and 6 oxygenated sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. The MIC value of stem essential oil was 2.85 mg/mL against both Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria except P. aeruginosa which was inhibited at 22.75 mg/mL. The MIC values of leaf and flower essential oils were higher than 5.69 and 22.75 mg/mL, respectively.

DISCUSSION

This study highlighted the strong antibacterial effect of Ferula cupularis's essential oil which might be due to its high content of oxygenated monoterpene hydrocarbons.

CONCLUSION

Our results suggested that this plant may be a good candidate for further biological and pharmacological investigations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Roudehen Islamic Azad University , Tehran , Iran .No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25471700

Citation

Alipour, Ziba, et al. "Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils From Flower, Leaf and Stem of Ferula Cupularis Growing Wild in Iran." Pharmaceutical Biology, vol. 53, no. 4, 2015, pp. 483-7.
Alipour Z, Taheri P, Samadi N. Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran. Pharm Biol. 2015;53(4):483-7.
Alipour, Z., Taheri, P., & Samadi, N. (2015). Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran. Pharmaceutical Biology, 53(4), pp. 483-7. doi:10.3109/13880209.2014.924149.
Alipour Z, Taheri P, Samadi N. Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils From Flower, Leaf and Stem of Ferula Cupularis Growing Wild in Iran. Pharm Biol. 2015;53(4):483-7. PubMed PMID: 25471700.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Ferula cupularis growing wild in Iran. AU - Alipour,Ziba, AU - Taheri,Poroshat, AU - Samadi,Nasrin, Y1 - 2014/12/04/ PY - 2014/12/5/entrez PY - 2014/12/5/pubmed PY - 2015/10/16/medline KW - Antibacterial activity KW - Ferula cupularis KW - essential oil KW - monoterpene KW - oxygenated monoterpene SP - 483 EP - 7 JF - Pharmaceutical biology JO - Pharm Biol VL - 53 IS - 4 N2 - CONTEXT: Ferula cupularis (Boiss.) Spalik et S. R. Downie (Apiaceae) is a common plant in Iran that grows in the foothills of Dena Mountain. In traditional folk medicine, this plant has different applications, but there are no studies proving their uses. OBJECTIVE: This study is the first attempt to investigate the chemical composition and antibacterial effect of the essential oils of F. cupularis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The essential oils from flower, leaf, and stem of F. cupularis were analyzed by using GC and GC-MS. Antibacterial activity of essential oils was determined by microdilution method against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. RESULTS: The essential oil from flower of F. cupularis contained 15 monoterpene, 13 oxygenated monoterpene, and 2 sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. The leaf essential oil contained 12 monoterpene, 13 oxygenated monoterpene, 2 sesquiterpene, 6 oxygenated sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, and 3 non-terpenoid components. Stem essential oil contained one monoterpene, 23 oxygenated monoterpene, 2 sesquiterpene, and 6 oxygenated sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. The MIC value of stem essential oil was 2.85 mg/mL against both Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria except P. aeruginosa which was inhibited at 22.75 mg/mL. The MIC values of leaf and flower essential oils were higher than 5.69 and 22.75 mg/mL, respectively. DISCUSSION: This study highlighted the strong antibacterial effect of Ferula cupularis's essential oil which might be due to its high content of oxygenated monoterpene hydrocarbons. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that this plant may be a good candidate for further biological and pharmacological investigations. SN - 1744-5116 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25471700/Chemical_composition_and_antibacterial_activity_of_the_essential_oils_from_flower_leaf_and_stem_of_Ferula_cupularis_growing_wild_in_Iran_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/13880209.2014.924149 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -