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Relationship between affective temperaments and aggression in euthymic patients with bipolar mood disorder and major depressive disorder.
J Affect Disord. 2015 Mar 15; 174:13-8.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

So far there is a scarce of studies dealing with the relationship between different aspects of aggressive behaviour and affective temperaments among various mood disorders. The aim of the present study was to explore in a group of patients with affective mood disorders the relationship between affective temperaments and aggression.

METHODS

100 consecutive outpatients in euthymic phase of mood disorders (46 with bipolar disorder-type I, 18 with bipolar disorder-type II and 36 with major depressive disorder) were self-assessed with the Aggression Questionnaire and the short version of Slovenian Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego - Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A).

RESULTS

The factorial analysis of the TEMPS-A subscales revealed 2 main factors: Factor 1 (prominent cyclothymic profile) consisted of cyclothymic, depressive, irritable, and anxious temperaments and Factor 2 (prominent hyperthymic profile) which was represented by the hyperthymic temperament, and by depressive and anxious temperaments as negative components. Patients with prominent cyclothymic profile got their diagnosis later in their life and had significantly higher mean scores on anger and hostility (non-motor aggressive behaviour) compared with patients with prominent hyperthymic profile.

LIMITATIONS

We included patients with different mood disorders, therefore the sample selection may influence temperamental and aggression profiles. We used self-report questionnaires which can elicit sociable desirable answers.

CONCLUSION

Anger and hostility could represent stable personality characteristics of prominent cyclothymic profile that endure even in remission. It seems that distinct temperamental profile could serve as a good diagnostic and prognostic value for non-motor aspects of aggressive behaviour.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sociomedical Institute, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address: dolenc.barbara@gmail.com.University Psychiatric Clinic, Ljubljana, Slovenia.Sociomedical Institute, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia.University Psychiatric Clinic, Ljubljana, Slovenia.Institute of Behavioural Sciences, "G. De Lisio", Department of Psychiatry, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.International Mood Disorder Centre, Department of Psychiatry at the University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25474481

Citation

Dolenc, B, et al. "Relationship Between Affective Temperaments and Aggression in Euthymic Patients With Bipolar Mood Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 174, 2015, pp. 13-8.
Dolenc B, Dernovšek MZ, Sprah L, et al. Relationship between affective temperaments and aggression in euthymic patients with bipolar mood disorder and major depressive disorder. J Affect Disord. 2015;174:13-8.
Dolenc, B., Dernovšek, M. Z., Sprah, L., Tavcar, R., Perugi, G., & Akiskal, H. S. (2015). Relationship between affective temperaments and aggression in euthymic patients with bipolar mood disorder and major depressive disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 174, 13-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2014.11.007
Dolenc B, et al. Relationship Between Affective Temperaments and Aggression in Euthymic Patients With Bipolar Mood Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder. J Affect Disord. 2015 Mar 15;174:13-8. PubMed PMID: 25474481.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship between affective temperaments and aggression in euthymic patients with bipolar mood disorder and major depressive disorder. AU - Dolenc,B, AU - Dernovšek,M Z, AU - Sprah,L, AU - Tavcar,R, AU - Perugi,G, AU - Akiskal,H S, Y1 - 2014/11/20/ PY - 2014/06/30/received PY - 2014/10/09/revised PY - 2014/11/08/accepted PY - 2014/12/5/entrez PY - 2014/12/5/pubmed PY - 2015/7/30/medline KW - Affective temperament KW - Aggression KW - Bipolar disorder KW - Major depressive disorder SP - 13 EP - 8 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 174 N2 - BACKGROUND: So far there is a scarce of studies dealing with the relationship between different aspects of aggressive behaviour and affective temperaments among various mood disorders. The aim of the present study was to explore in a group of patients with affective mood disorders the relationship between affective temperaments and aggression. METHODS: 100 consecutive outpatients in euthymic phase of mood disorders (46 with bipolar disorder-type I, 18 with bipolar disorder-type II and 36 with major depressive disorder) were self-assessed with the Aggression Questionnaire and the short version of Slovenian Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego - Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A). RESULTS: The factorial analysis of the TEMPS-A subscales revealed 2 main factors: Factor 1 (prominent cyclothymic profile) consisted of cyclothymic, depressive, irritable, and anxious temperaments and Factor 2 (prominent hyperthymic profile) which was represented by the hyperthymic temperament, and by depressive and anxious temperaments as negative components. Patients with prominent cyclothymic profile got their diagnosis later in their life and had significantly higher mean scores on anger and hostility (non-motor aggressive behaviour) compared with patients with prominent hyperthymic profile. LIMITATIONS: We included patients with different mood disorders, therefore the sample selection may influence temperamental and aggression profiles. We used self-report questionnaires which can elicit sociable desirable answers. CONCLUSION: Anger and hostility could represent stable personality characteristics of prominent cyclothymic profile that endure even in remission. It seems that distinct temperamental profile could serve as a good diagnostic and prognostic value for non-motor aspects of aggressive behaviour. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25474481/Relationship_between_affective_temperaments_and_aggression_in_euthymic_patients_with_bipolar_mood_disorder_and_major_depressive_disorder_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(14)00708-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -