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21-Hydroxylase deficiency in female hyperandrogenism: screening and diagnosis.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989 Sep; 69(3):577-84.JC

Abstract

21-Hydroxylase-deficient late-onset adrenal hyperplasia (LOAH) appears to affect 1-6% of hyperandrogenic women. Screening and diagnostic criteria for LOAH have not been well established, as these patients are clinically indistinguishable from other hyperandrogenic women. The following prospective study was undertaken to 1) determine the predictive value of screening hyperandrogenic women for LOAH with a morning follicular phase basal 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-HP) level and 2) compare the various in vivo estimates of 21-hydroxylase activity after adrenal stimulation for the diagnosis of LOAH. Twenty-one euandrogenic control women (physically normal, without hirsutism, with regular menses, and a negative family history) were studied. The clinical population consisted of 164 consecutive unselected patients seen at the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine between 1983 and 1987 demonstrating hirsutism and/or hyperandrogenic oligomenorrhea. Controls and patients underwent acute adrenal stimulation with 1 mg ACTH-(1-24), administered in the morning to fasting patients in the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle. Blood was sampled before and 30 min after ACTH-(1-24) administration. Steroid RIA determinations were performed for 17-HP, progesterone, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, androstenedione, FSH, LH, and PRL. Three estimates of 21-hydroxylase activity were studied: the 17-HP level 30 min post-ACTH (17-HP30), the change in 17-HP (delta 17-HP0-30) and the summed rate of change in 17-HP and progesterone ([delta 17-HP0-30) + delta P0-30]/30 min). The upper 95th percentiles for these estimates of 21-hydroxylase activity in control women were 9.6 nmol/L (316 ng/dL), 8.8 nmol/L (292 ng/dL), and 0.39 nmol/L.min (13 ng/dL.min), respectively. Thirteen of 164 (7.9%) hyperandrogenic women had at least 1 abnormal 21-hydroxylase measurement. Four of these women (2.4%) had 17-HP measurements 3- to 20-fold above the upper normal 95th percentile (17-HP30 greater than 36.3 nmol/L or 1200 ng/dL) and were considered as suffering from LOAH. In our population the 3 measures of 21-hydroxylase studied clearly differentiated the LOAH women from all others, although a single 17-HP level 30 min post-ACTH was the simplest and most cost effective. Nine other hyperandrogenic women (5.5%) had at least 1 abnormal 21-hydroxylase measurement less than 3-fold the upper normal 95th percentile value and were designated as having mild 21-hydroxylase deficiency.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2547827

Citation

Azziz, R, and H A. Zacur. "21-Hydroxylase Deficiency in Female Hyperandrogenism: Screening and Diagnosis." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 69, no. 3, 1989, pp. 577-84.
Azziz R, Zacur HA. 21-Hydroxylase deficiency in female hyperandrogenism: screening and diagnosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989;69(3):577-84.
Azziz, R., & Zacur, H. A. (1989). 21-Hydroxylase deficiency in female hyperandrogenism: screening and diagnosis. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 69(3), 577-84.
Azziz R, Zacur HA. 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency in Female Hyperandrogenism: Screening and Diagnosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989;69(3):577-84. PubMed PMID: 2547827.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 21-Hydroxylase deficiency in female hyperandrogenism: screening and diagnosis. AU - Azziz,R, AU - Zacur,H A, PY - 1989/9/1/pubmed PY - 1989/9/1/medline PY - 1989/9/1/entrez SP - 577 EP - 84 JF - The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism JO - J Clin Endocrinol Metab VL - 69 IS - 3 N2 - 21-Hydroxylase-deficient late-onset adrenal hyperplasia (LOAH) appears to affect 1-6% of hyperandrogenic women. Screening and diagnostic criteria for LOAH have not been well established, as these patients are clinically indistinguishable from other hyperandrogenic women. The following prospective study was undertaken to 1) determine the predictive value of screening hyperandrogenic women for LOAH with a morning follicular phase basal 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-HP) level and 2) compare the various in vivo estimates of 21-hydroxylase activity after adrenal stimulation for the diagnosis of LOAH. Twenty-one euandrogenic control women (physically normal, without hirsutism, with regular menses, and a negative family history) were studied. The clinical population consisted of 164 consecutive unselected patients seen at the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine between 1983 and 1987 demonstrating hirsutism and/or hyperandrogenic oligomenorrhea. Controls and patients underwent acute adrenal stimulation with 1 mg ACTH-(1-24), administered in the morning to fasting patients in the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle. Blood was sampled before and 30 min after ACTH-(1-24) administration. Steroid RIA determinations were performed for 17-HP, progesterone, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, androstenedione, FSH, LH, and PRL. Three estimates of 21-hydroxylase activity were studied: the 17-HP level 30 min post-ACTH (17-HP30), the change in 17-HP (delta 17-HP0-30) and the summed rate of change in 17-HP and progesterone ([delta 17-HP0-30) + delta P0-30]/30 min). The upper 95th percentiles for these estimates of 21-hydroxylase activity in control women were 9.6 nmol/L (316 ng/dL), 8.8 nmol/L (292 ng/dL), and 0.39 nmol/L.min (13 ng/dL.min), respectively. Thirteen of 164 (7.9%) hyperandrogenic women had at least 1 abnormal 21-hydroxylase measurement. Four of these women (2.4%) had 17-HP measurements 3- to 20-fold above the upper normal 95th percentile (17-HP30 greater than 36.3 nmol/L or 1200 ng/dL) and were considered as suffering from LOAH. In our population the 3 measures of 21-hydroxylase studied clearly differentiated the LOAH women from all others, although a single 17-HP level 30 min post-ACTH was the simplest and most cost effective. Nine other hyperandrogenic women (5.5%) had at least 1 abnormal 21-hydroxylase measurement less than 3-fold the upper normal 95th percentile value and were designated as having mild 21-hydroxylase deficiency.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0021-972X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2547827/21_Hydroxylase_deficiency_in_female_hyperandrogenism:_screening_and_diagnosis_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jcem-69-3-577 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -