A case of vander woude syndrome with rare phenotypic expressions.J Clin Diagn Res. 2014 Oct; 8(10):PD03-5.JC
Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is a rare developmental disorder with an autosomal dominant inheritance. The prevalence of VWS varies from 1:100,000 to 1:40,000 still born or live births. It has variable expressivity and generally expressed as orofacial manifestations like lower lip pits, cleft lip and/or cleft palate, hypodontia, cleft or bifid uvula, ankyloglossia and some extraoral anomalies involving hand, foot and genitalia. Thorough family history, clinical examination and genetic counseling helps in correct diagnosis of VWS as Popliteal pterygium syndrome has overlapping clinical manifestations. Most cases of Van der Woude syndrome have been associated with mutations and genetic changes. The current case has classical features of VWS with some rare features like undescended small testis and unreported finding of syndactyly of second and third toe adds on to the existing knowledge of VWS presentation.