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The Conscience as a Regulatory Function: Empathy, Shame, Pride, Guilt, and Moral Orientation in Delinquent Adolescents.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2016 May; 60(6):675-93.IJ

Abstract

This study examines an emotion-based theory of the conscience, which provides forensic practitioners tools for assessing the state of the conscience. It is operationalized as an emotion-regulating function, making use of empathy, self-conscious emotions, such as shame, pride or guilt, and moral judgment. This was put to test in a questionnaire survey with 59 delinquent and 275 non-delinquent juveniles. As was hypothesized, the functioning of the conscience of these groups differed, with offenders having lower levels of some aspects of empathic capacity, being less prone to experiencing shame and guilt, being more prone to experiencing pride, and being more punishment oriented than victim oriented. The research confirmed that operationalization of the conscience in terms of empathy, self-conscious emotions, and moral orientation is feasible.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Amsterdam, The Netherlands f.schalkwijk@planet.nl.University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.De Waag Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands Arkin Mental Health Care Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Arkin Mental Health Care Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25488941

Citation

Schalkwijk, Frans, et al. "The Conscience as a Regulatory Function: Empathy, Shame, Pride, Guilt, and Moral Orientation in Delinquent Adolescents." International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, vol. 60, no. 6, 2016, pp. 675-93.
Schalkwijk F, Stams GJ, Stegge H, et al. The Conscience as a Regulatory Function: Empathy, Shame, Pride, Guilt, and Moral Orientation in Delinquent Adolescents. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2016;60(6):675-93.
Schalkwijk, F., Stams, G. J., Stegge, H., Dekker, J., & Peen, J. (2016). The Conscience as a Regulatory Function: Empathy, Shame, Pride, Guilt, and Moral Orientation in Delinquent Adolescents. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 60(6), 675-93. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X14561830
Schalkwijk F, et al. The Conscience as a Regulatory Function: Empathy, Shame, Pride, Guilt, and Moral Orientation in Delinquent Adolescents. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2016;60(6):675-93. PubMed PMID: 25488941.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Conscience as a Regulatory Function: Empathy, Shame, Pride, Guilt, and Moral Orientation in Delinquent Adolescents. AU - Schalkwijk,Frans, AU - Stams,Geert Jan, AU - Stegge,Hedy, AU - Dekker,Jack, AU - Peen,Jaap, Y1 - 2014/12/08/ PY - 2014/12/10/entrez PY - 2014/12/10/pubmed PY - 2017/3/16/medline KW - conscience KW - delinquency KW - empathy KW - guilt KW - moral reasoning KW - shame SP - 675 EP - 93 JF - International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology JO - Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol VL - 60 IS - 6 N2 - This study examines an emotion-based theory of the conscience, which provides forensic practitioners tools for assessing the state of the conscience. It is operationalized as an emotion-regulating function, making use of empathy, self-conscious emotions, such as shame, pride or guilt, and moral judgment. This was put to test in a questionnaire survey with 59 delinquent and 275 non-delinquent juveniles. As was hypothesized, the functioning of the conscience of these groups differed, with offenders having lower levels of some aspects of empathic capacity, being less prone to experiencing shame and guilt, being more prone to experiencing pride, and being more punishment oriented than victim oriented. The research confirmed that operationalization of the conscience in terms of empathy, self-conscious emotions, and moral orientation is feasible. SN - 1552-6933 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25488941/The_Conscience_as_a_Regulatory_Function:_Empathy_Shame_Pride_Guilt_and_Moral_Orientation_in_Delinquent_Adolescents_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -