Novel Mutations in the IRF6 Gene on the Background of Known Polymorphisms in Polish Patients With Orofacial Clefting.Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2015 09; 52(5):e161-7.CP
To examine the role of the IRF6 mutations in Polish families with Van der Woude syndrome and popliteal pterygium syndrome and to determine the effect of IRF6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs7552506, rs2013162, and rs2235375) on cleft lip and/or palate susceptibility.
IRF6 mutation screening was performed by direct sequencing of all coding exons of the gene and their flanking intronic regions. Cosegregation analysis was performed to establish the relation of single nucleotide polymorphisms and cleft lip and/or palate phenotypes.
We screened the IRF6 gene in eight families with clinical recognition of Van der Woude syndrome and popliteal pterygium syndrome.
In five families we identified pathogenic mutations, all affecting the DNA-binding or the protein-binding domain of IRF6. Two of the mutations were novel-a missense mutation Arg31Thr and a small deletion Trp40Glyfs*23. In most cases we found also a haplotype of three single nucleotide polymorphisms-rs7552506, rs2013162, and rs2235375. The association of the single nucleotide polymorphisms and cleft lip and/or palate susceptibility has been previously published. The variants did not cosegregate with phenotype in examined families nor did they cosegregate with pathogenic mutations. The single nucleotide polymorphisms were deemed not causative, due to their presence in unaffected family members.
Two novel mutations (Arg31Thr and Trp40Glyfs*23) in the IRF6 gene were identified to be causative for Van der Woude and popliteal pterygium syndromes. In the present study no association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms rs7552506, rs2013162, and rs2235375 and the cleft lip and/or palate phenotype was found. The hypothesis, whether the haplotype of the three single nucleotide polymorphisms was correlated with IRF6 expression level, demands further investigation.