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Patulin and its dietary intake by fruit juice consumption in Iran.

Abstract

A survey was conducted to determine levels and dietary intake of patulin (PAT) from fruit juices consumed in Iran. PAT content was determined using high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection in 161 samples of fruit juices including apple, pineapple, pear, peach, pomegranate and white and red grape juices. Results revealed the presence of PAT in 16.1% of the samples examined, ranging from 5 to 190.7 µg/kg. Average and median PAT content in positive samples was 34.5 and 18.5 µg/kg, respectively. PAT concentration in 2.5% of the samples was higher than the maximum limit as set by European regulations for PAT in fruit products (50 µg/kg). Estimated daily intake of PAT by fruit juice was 16.4, 45.9 and 74.6 ng/kg bw/day for Iranian adults, children and babies, respectively. The results of this study showed that PAT does not seem to be a problem in fruit-based drinks commercialised in Iran, except for apple juice.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord Branch , Islamic Azad University , Shahrekord , Iran.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25494337

Citation

Rahimi, Ebrahim, and Masoome Rezapoor Jeiran. "Patulin and Its Dietary Intake By Fruit Juice Consumption in Iran." Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance, vol. 8, no. 1, 2015, pp. 40-3.
Rahimi E, Rezapoor Jeiran M. Patulin and its dietary intake by fruit juice consumption in Iran. Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill. 2015;8(1):40-3.
Rahimi, E., & Rezapoor Jeiran, M. (2015). Patulin and its dietary intake by fruit juice consumption in Iran. Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance, 8(1), 40-3. https://doi.org/10.1080/19393210.2014.967814
Rahimi E, Rezapoor Jeiran M. Patulin and Its Dietary Intake By Fruit Juice Consumption in Iran. Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill. 2015;8(1):40-3. PubMed PMID: 25494337.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Patulin and its dietary intake by fruit juice consumption in Iran. AU - Rahimi,Ebrahim, AU - Rezapoor Jeiran,Masoome, Y1 - 2014/12/10/ PY - 2014/12/11/entrez PY - 2014/12/11/pubmed PY - 2015/10/7/medline KW - apple juice KW - fruit juice KW - mycotoxin KW - patulin SP - 40 EP - 3 JF - Food additives & contaminants. Part B, Surveillance JO - Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - A survey was conducted to determine levels and dietary intake of patulin (PAT) from fruit juices consumed in Iran. PAT content was determined using high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection in 161 samples of fruit juices including apple, pineapple, pear, peach, pomegranate and white and red grape juices. Results revealed the presence of PAT in 16.1% of the samples examined, ranging from 5 to 190.7 µg/kg. Average and median PAT content in positive samples was 34.5 and 18.5 µg/kg, respectively. PAT concentration in 2.5% of the samples was higher than the maximum limit as set by European regulations for PAT in fruit products (50 µg/kg). Estimated daily intake of PAT by fruit juice was 16.4, 45.9 and 74.6 ng/kg bw/day for Iranian adults, children and babies, respectively. The results of this study showed that PAT does not seem to be a problem in fruit-based drinks commercialised in Iran, except for apple juice. SN - 1939-3229 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25494337/Patulin_and_its_dietary_intake_by_fruit_juice_consumption_in_Iran_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19393210.2014.967814 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -