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Comparing the water, energy, pesticide and fertilizer usage for the production of foods consumed by different dietary types in California.
Public Health Nutr. 2015 Sep; 18(13):2425-32.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the use of water, energy, pesticides and fertilizer to produce commodities for two dietary patterns that vary in the content of plant and animal products.

DESIGN

A unique analysis using 'real-world' data was performed, in contrast to previous analyses which applied simulated data. Consumption data from the Adventist Health Study were used to identify two dietary patterns with a markedly different consumption of several plant and animal products. State agricultural data were collected and applied to commodity production statistics. Indices were created to allow a comparison of the resource requirements for each dietary pattern.

SETTING

California, USA.

SUBJECTS

None.

RESULTS

The diet containing more animal products required an additional 10 252 litres of water, 9910 kJ of energy, 186 g of fertilizer and 6 g of pesticides per week in comparison to the diet containing less animal products. The greatest contribution to the difference came from the consumption of animal products, particularly beef.

CONCLUSIONS

Consuming a more plant-based diet could to an extent alleviate the negative environmental impacts related to food production. As a method to feed ourselves more sustainably, behavioural adjustments appear to be a very important tool.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Department of Nutrition,Loma Linda University,24951 North Circle Drive,Loma Linda,CA 92350,USA.1Department of Nutrition,Loma Linda University,24951 North Circle Drive,Loma Linda,CA 92350,USA.2Department of Environmental Health and Geoinformatics Sciences,Loma Linda University,Loma Linda,CA,USA.1Department of Nutrition,Loma Linda University,24951 North Circle Drive,Loma Linda,CA 92350,USA.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25517175

Citation

Marlow, Harold J., et al. "Comparing the Water, Energy, Pesticide and Fertilizer Usage for the Production of Foods Consumed By Different Dietary Types in California." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 13, 2015, pp. 2425-32.
Marlow HJ, Harwatt H, Soret S, et al. Comparing the water, energy, pesticide and fertilizer usage for the production of foods consumed by different dietary types in California. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(13):2425-32.
Marlow, H. J., Harwatt, H., Soret, S., & Sabaté, J. (2015). Comparing the water, energy, pesticide and fertilizer usage for the production of foods consumed by different dietary types in California. Public Health Nutrition, 18(13), 2425-32. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980014002833
Marlow HJ, et al. Comparing the Water, Energy, Pesticide and Fertilizer Usage for the Production of Foods Consumed By Different Dietary Types in California. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(13):2425-32. PubMed PMID: 25517175.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparing the water, energy, pesticide and fertilizer usage for the production of foods consumed by different dietary types in California. AU - Marlow,Harold J, AU - Harwatt,Helen, AU - Soret,Samuel, AU - Sabaté,Joan, Y1 - 2014/12/17/ PY - 2014/12/18/entrez PY - 2014/12/18/pubmed PY - 2016/6/9/medline KW - Food production KW - Sustainable dietary patterns SP - 2425 EP - 32 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 18 IS - 13 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of water, energy, pesticides and fertilizer to produce commodities for two dietary patterns that vary in the content of plant and animal products. DESIGN: A unique analysis using 'real-world' data was performed, in contrast to previous analyses which applied simulated data. Consumption data from the Adventist Health Study were used to identify two dietary patterns with a markedly different consumption of several plant and animal products. State agricultural data were collected and applied to commodity production statistics. Indices were created to allow a comparison of the resource requirements for each dietary pattern. SETTING: California, USA. SUBJECTS: None. RESULTS: The diet containing more animal products required an additional 10 252 litres of water, 9910 kJ of energy, 186 g of fertilizer and 6 g of pesticides per week in comparison to the diet containing less animal products. The greatest contribution to the difference came from the consumption of animal products, particularly beef. CONCLUSIONS: Consuming a more plant-based diet could to an extent alleviate the negative environmental impacts related to food production. As a method to feed ourselves more sustainably, behavioural adjustments appear to be a very important tool. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25517175/Comparing_the_water_energy_pesticide_and_fertilizer_usage_for_the_production_of_foods_consumed_by_different_dietary_types_in_California_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980014002833/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -