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Upset Over Sexual versus Emotional Infidelity Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Adults.
Arch Sex Behav. 2016 Jan; 45(1):175-91.AS

Abstract

One hypothesis derived from evolutionary perspectives is that men are more upset than women by sexual infidelity and women are more upset than men by emotional infidelity. The proposed explanation is that men, in contrast to women, face the risk of unwittingly investing in genetically unrelated offspring. Most studies, however, have relied on small college or community samples of heterosexual participants. We examined upset over sexual versus emotional jealousy among 63,894 gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual participants. Participants imagined which would upset them more: their partners having sex with someone else (but not falling in love with them) or their partners falling in love with someone else (but not having sex with them). Consistent with this evolutionary perspective, heterosexual men were more likely than heterosexual women to be upset by sexual infidelity (54 vs. 35 %) and less likely than heterosexual women to be upset by emotional infidelity (46 vs. 65 %). This gender difference emerged across age groups, income levels, history of being cheated on, history of being unfaithful, relationship type, and length. The gender difference, however, was limited to heterosexual participants. Bisexual men and women did not differ significantly from each other in upset over sexual infidelity (30 vs. 27 %), regardless of whether they were currently dating a man (35 vs. 29 %) or woman (28 vs. 20 %). Gay men and lesbian women also did not differ (32 vs. 34 %). The findings present strong evidence that a gender difference exists in a broad sample of U.S. adults, but only among heterosexuals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Crean School of Health & Life Sciences, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, CA, 92866, USA. enderflies1@aol.com.Psychology Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25518816

Citation

Frederick, David A., and Melissa R. Fales. "Upset Over Sexual Versus Emotional Infidelity Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Adults." Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 45, no. 1, 2016, pp. 175-91.
Frederick DA, Fales MR. Upset Over Sexual versus Emotional Infidelity Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Adults. Arch Sex Behav. 2016;45(1):175-91.
Frederick, D. A., & Fales, M. R. (2016). Upset Over Sexual versus Emotional Infidelity Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Adults. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45(1), 175-91. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-014-0409-9
Frederick DA, Fales MR. Upset Over Sexual Versus Emotional Infidelity Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Adults. Arch Sex Behav. 2016;45(1):175-91. PubMed PMID: 25518816.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Upset Over Sexual versus Emotional Infidelity Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Adults. AU - Frederick,David A, AU - Fales,Melissa R, Y1 - 2014/12/18/ PY - 2013/04/19/received PY - 2014/07/06/accepted PY - 2014/02/08/revised PY - 2014/12/19/entrez PY - 2014/12/19/pubmed PY - 2016/7/7/medline KW - Evolutionary psychology KW - Gender differences KW - Infidelity KW - Jealousy KW - Sexual orientation SP - 175 EP - 91 JF - Archives of sexual behavior JO - Arch Sex Behav VL - 45 IS - 1 N2 - One hypothesis derived from evolutionary perspectives is that men are more upset than women by sexual infidelity and women are more upset than men by emotional infidelity. The proposed explanation is that men, in contrast to women, face the risk of unwittingly investing in genetically unrelated offspring. Most studies, however, have relied on small college or community samples of heterosexual participants. We examined upset over sexual versus emotional jealousy among 63,894 gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual participants. Participants imagined which would upset them more: their partners having sex with someone else (but not falling in love with them) or their partners falling in love with someone else (but not having sex with them). Consistent with this evolutionary perspective, heterosexual men were more likely than heterosexual women to be upset by sexual infidelity (54 vs. 35 %) and less likely than heterosexual women to be upset by emotional infidelity (46 vs. 65 %). This gender difference emerged across age groups, income levels, history of being cheated on, history of being unfaithful, relationship type, and length. The gender difference, however, was limited to heterosexual participants. Bisexual men and women did not differ significantly from each other in upset over sexual infidelity (30 vs. 27 %), regardless of whether they were currently dating a man (35 vs. 29 %) or woman (28 vs. 20 %). Gay men and lesbian women also did not differ (32 vs. 34 %). The findings present strong evidence that a gender difference exists in a broad sample of U.S. adults, but only among heterosexuals. SN - 1573-2800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25518816/Upset_Over_Sexual_versus_Emotional_Infidelity_Among_Gay_Lesbian_Bisexual_and_Heterosexual_Adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-014-0409-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -