Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Relative genomic stability of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells: analysis of ploidy, H19 long non-coding RNA and p53 activity.
Stem Cell Res Ther 2014; 5(6):139SC

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent and have been derived from various tissues. Although MSCs share many basic features, they often display subtle tissue specific differences. We previously demonstrated that bone marrow (BM) MSCs frequently become polyploid in culture. This tendency was mediated by a reduction in the expression of H19 long non-coding RNA during the transition from a diploid to a polyploid state.

METHODS

MSCs were derived from both BM and adipose tissue of mice and expanded under normoxic and hypoxic culture conditions. Cells were stained by propidium iodide and their ploidy was evaluated by FACS. Gene expression of independent MSC preparations was compared by quantitative real time PCR and protein expression levels by Western blot analysis. p53 silencing in MSCs was performed by a specific small hairpin RNA (shRNA).

RESULTS

We set to examine whether genomic instability is common to MSCs originating from different tissues. It is demonstrated that adipose derived MSCs (ASCs) tend to remain diploid during culture while a vast majority of BM MSCs become polyploid. The diploid phenotype of ASCs is correlated with reduced H19 expression compared to BM MSCs. Under hypoxic conditions (3% oxygen) both ASCs and BM MSCs demonstrate increased RNA expression of H19 and Vascular endothelial growth factor A. Importantly, ASC gene expression is significantly less variable than BM MSCs under both oxygen conditions, indicating to their superior homogeneity. Gene expression analysis revealed that p53 target genes, often induced by DNA damage, are up-regulated in ASCs under basal conditions. However, p53 activation following treatment with DNA damaging agents was strongly elevated in BM MSCs compared to ASCs. We found that p53 is involved in maintaining the stable diploid state of ASCs as p53 shRNA induced ploidy changes in ASCs but not in BM MSCs.

CONCLUSIONS

The increased genomic stability of murine ASCs together with their lower H19 expression and relative homogeneity suggest a tissue specific higher stability of ASCs compared to BM MSCs, possibly due to higher activity of p53. The tissue specific differences between MSCs from a different tissue source may have important consequences on the use of various MSCs both in vitro and in vivo.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25519840

Citation

Ravid, Orly, et al. "Relative Genomic Stability of Adipose Tissue Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Analysis of Ploidy, H19 Long Non-coding RNA and P53 Activity." Stem Cell Research & Therapy, vol. 5, no. 6, 2014, p. 139.
Ravid O, Shoshani O, Sela M, et al. Relative genomic stability of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells: analysis of ploidy, H19 long non-coding RNA and p53 activity. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2014;5(6):139.
Ravid, O., Shoshani, O., Sela, M., Weinstock, A., Sadan, T. W., Gur, E., ... Shani, N. (2014). Relative genomic stability of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells: analysis of ploidy, H19 long non-coding RNA and p53 activity. Stem Cell Research & Therapy, 5(6), p. 139. doi:10.1186/scrt529.
Ravid O, et al. Relative Genomic Stability of Adipose Tissue Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Analysis of Ploidy, H19 Long Non-coding RNA and P53 Activity. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2014 Dec 17;5(6):139. PubMed PMID: 25519840.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relative genomic stability of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells: analysis of ploidy, H19 long non-coding RNA and p53 activity. AU - Ravid,Orly, AU - Shoshani,Ofer, AU - Sela,Meirav, AU - Weinstock,Ada, AU - Sadan,Tommy Weiss, AU - Gur,Eyal, AU - Zipori,Dov, AU - Shani,Nir, Y1 - 2014/12/17/ PY - 2014/06/05/received PY - 2014/12/12/accepted PY - 2014/12/19/entrez PY - 2014/12/19/pubmed PY - 2015/11/10/medline SP - 139 EP - 139 JF - Stem cell research & therapy JO - Stem Cell Res Ther VL - 5 IS - 6 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent and have been derived from various tissues. Although MSCs share many basic features, they often display subtle tissue specific differences. We previously demonstrated that bone marrow (BM) MSCs frequently become polyploid in culture. This tendency was mediated by a reduction in the expression of H19 long non-coding RNA during the transition from a diploid to a polyploid state. METHODS: MSCs were derived from both BM and adipose tissue of mice and expanded under normoxic and hypoxic culture conditions. Cells were stained by propidium iodide and their ploidy was evaluated by FACS. Gene expression of independent MSC preparations was compared by quantitative real time PCR and protein expression levels by Western blot analysis. p53 silencing in MSCs was performed by a specific small hairpin RNA (shRNA). RESULTS: We set to examine whether genomic instability is common to MSCs originating from different tissues. It is demonstrated that adipose derived MSCs (ASCs) tend to remain diploid during culture while a vast majority of BM MSCs become polyploid. The diploid phenotype of ASCs is correlated with reduced H19 expression compared to BM MSCs. Under hypoxic conditions (3% oxygen) both ASCs and BM MSCs demonstrate increased RNA expression of H19 and Vascular endothelial growth factor A. Importantly, ASC gene expression is significantly less variable than BM MSCs under both oxygen conditions, indicating to their superior homogeneity. Gene expression analysis revealed that p53 target genes, often induced by DNA damage, are up-regulated in ASCs under basal conditions. However, p53 activation following treatment with DNA damaging agents was strongly elevated in BM MSCs compared to ASCs. We found that p53 is involved in maintaining the stable diploid state of ASCs as p53 shRNA induced ploidy changes in ASCs but not in BM MSCs. CONCLUSIONS: The increased genomic stability of murine ASCs together with their lower H19 expression and relative homogeneity suggest a tissue specific higher stability of ASCs compared to BM MSCs, possibly due to higher activity of p53. The tissue specific differences between MSCs from a different tissue source may have important consequences on the use of various MSCs both in vitro and in vivo. SN - 1757-6512 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25519840/Relative_genomic_stability_of_adipose_tissue_derived_mesenchymal_stem_cells:_analysis_of_ploidy_H19_long_non_coding_RNA_and_p53_activity_ L2 - https://stemcellres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/scrt529 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -