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Effect of dietary histidine on contents of carnosine and anserine in muscles of broilers.
Anim Sci J. 2015 May; 86(5):541-6.AS

Abstract

Carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) and anserine (β-alanyl-1-methyl-L-histidine) are dipeptides mainly found in skeletal muscle and brain of many vertebrates, and particularly high concentrations are observed in chicken pectoral muscles. It was reported that these peptides have many functions, such as antioxidant activity. In this study, we examined the effect of different levels of dietary histidine on carnosine and anserine contents in broiler muscles. The 14-days-old female Chunky strain broilers were given feeds containing three different levels of histidine; 67% (Low-His), 100% (Control) and 200% (High-His) of histidine requirement according to the NRC (1994). Chicks were fed experimental diets for 10 days. Both dipeptides in muscle were significantly decreased. In particular, carnosine was not detected at all in the Low-His group and was significantly increased in the High-His group. Both dipeptides were not detected in plasma. These results indicated the possibility to produce chicken meat with enhanced amount of these dipeptides by high histidine feeding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25521014

Citation

Kai, Shinichi, et al. "Effect of Dietary Histidine On Contents of Carnosine and Anserine in Muscles of Broilers." Animal Science Journal = Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho, vol. 86, no. 5, 2015, pp. 541-6.
Kai S, Watanabe G, Kubota M, et al. Effect of dietary histidine on contents of carnosine and anserine in muscles of broilers. Anim Sci J. 2015;86(5):541-6.
Kai, S., Watanabe, G., Kubota, M., Kadowaki, M., & Fujimura, S. (2015). Effect of dietary histidine on contents of carnosine and anserine in muscles of broilers. Animal Science Journal = Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho, 86(5), 541-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12322
Kai S, et al. Effect of Dietary Histidine On Contents of Carnosine and Anserine in Muscles of Broilers. Anim Sci J. 2015;86(5):541-6. PubMed PMID: 25521014.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of dietary histidine on contents of carnosine and anserine in muscles of broilers. AU - Kai,Shinichi, AU - Watanabe,Genya, AU - Kubota,Masatoshi, AU - Kadowaki,Motoni, AU - Fujimura,Shinobu, Y1 - 2014/12/17/ PY - 2014/03/17/received PY - 2014/07/25/accepted PY - 2014/12/19/entrez PY - 2014/12/19/pubmed PY - 2016/9/13/medline KW - anserine KW - broiler chicken KW - carnosine KW - dietary histidine KW - meat SP - 541 EP - 6 JF - Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho JO - Anim Sci J VL - 86 IS - 5 N2 - Carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) and anserine (β-alanyl-1-methyl-L-histidine) are dipeptides mainly found in skeletal muscle and brain of many vertebrates, and particularly high concentrations are observed in chicken pectoral muscles. It was reported that these peptides have many functions, such as antioxidant activity. In this study, we examined the effect of different levels of dietary histidine on carnosine and anserine contents in broiler muscles. The 14-days-old female Chunky strain broilers were given feeds containing three different levels of histidine; 67% (Low-His), 100% (Control) and 200% (High-His) of histidine requirement according to the NRC (1994). Chicks were fed experimental diets for 10 days. Both dipeptides in muscle were significantly decreased. In particular, carnosine was not detected at all in the Low-His group and was significantly increased in the High-His group. Both dipeptides were not detected in plasma. These results indicated the possibility to produce chicken meat with enhanced amount of these dipeptides by high histidine feeding. SN - 1740-0929 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25521014/Effect_of_dietary_histidine_on_contents_of_carnosine_and_anserine_in_muscles_of_broilers_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12322 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -