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Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFRs) travelers and imported malaria in the Palermo district (Sicily).
Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2014; 50(4):369-74.AI

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Although Italy has been malaria-free since 1970, the infection is commonly introduced into the country by travelers and immigrants from endemic areas. The term VFRs refers to immigrants from malaria-endemic countries who are regularly resident in a malaria-free area, and who travel to their countries of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFRs). This group is at special risk of malaria as they are unaware of having lost their transitory immunity to the disease.

METHODS

We conducted a retrospective study at the International Travelers Department of Palermo (Italy), examining records of malaria cases (67) reported over the period from 1998 to 2013.

RESULTS

VFRs represent the highest number of cases (77.6%), followed by workers (16.4%) and tourists (6.0%). All female patients and patients under the age of 18 were VFRs. Plasmodium falciparum was the most frequently-identified species. In all cases, chemoprophylaxis was not taken or was incomplete.

CONCLUSIONS

VFRs are at high risk of contracting malaria. This is probably related to an inequality in health care available to immigrants, as well as to ethnic and cultural conditions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dipartimento di Scienze per la Promozione della Salute e Materno-Infantile "G. D'Alessandro", Università di Palermo, Palermo, Italy. Email: alessandra.casuccio@unipa.it.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25522079

Citation

Casuccio, Alessandra, et al. "Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFRs) Travelers and Imported Malaria in the Palermo District (Sicily)." Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita, vol. 50, no. 4, 2014, pp. 369-74.
Casuccio A, D'Angelo C, Casuccio N, et al. Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFRs) travelers and imported malaria in the Palermo district (Sicily). Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2014;50(4):369-74.
Casuccio, A., D'Angelo, C., Casuccio, N., Di Carlo, P., & Immordino, P. (2014). Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFRs) travelers and imported malaria in the Palermo district (Sicily). Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita, 50(4), 369-74. https://doi.org/10.4415/ANN_14_04_13
Casuccio A, et al. Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFRs) Travelers and Imported Malaria in the Palermo District (Sicily). Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2014;50(4):369-74. PubMed PMID: 25522079.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFRs) travelers and imported malaria in the Palermo district (Sicily). AU - Casuccio,Alessandra, AU - D'Angelo,Claudio, AU - Casuccio,Nicolò, AU - Di Carlo,Paola, AU - Immordino,Palmira, PY - 2014/12/19/entrez PY - 2014/12/19/pubmed PY - 2016/10/26/medline SP - 369 EP - 74 JF - Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita JO - Ann Ist Super Sanita VL - 50 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Although Italy has been malaria-free since 1970, the infection is commonly introduced into the country by travelers and immigrants from endemic areas. The term VFRs refers to immigrants from malaria-endemic countries who are regularly resident in a malaria-free area, and who travel to their countries of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFRs). This group is at special risk of malaria as they are unaware of having lost their transitory immunity to the disease. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study at the International Travelers Department of Palermo (Italy), examining records of malaria cases (67) reported over the period from 1998 to 2013. RESULTS: VFRs represent the highest number of cases (77.6%), followed by workers (16.4%) and tourists (6.0%). All female patients and patients under the age of 18 were VFRs. Plasmodium falciparum was the most frequently-identified species. In all cases, chemoprophylaxis was not taken or was incomplete. CONCLUSIONS: VFRs are at high risk of contracting malaria. This is probably related to an inequality in health care available to immigrants, as well as to ethnic and cultural conditions. SN - 2384-8553 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25522079/Visiting_Friends_and_Relatives__VFRs__travelers_and_imported_malaria_in_the_Palermo_district__Sicily__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.4415/ANN_14_04_13 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -