Expression of Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit isoforms in the human ciliary body and cultured ciliary epithelial cells.J Cell Physiol. 1989 Nov; 141(2):243-52.JC
We have analyzed the expression of Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit isoforms in the transporting ciliary processes of the human eye and in cultured cells derived from non-pigmented (NPE) and pigmented (PE) ciliary epithelium. Northern hybridization analysis shows that the mRNAs encoding all the three distinct forms of Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit [alpha 1, alpha 2, and alpha 3] are expressed in the human ciliary processes in vivo. Immunohistochemical analysis using antibodies specific for each of the three alpha subunit isoforms confirms that these polypeptides are present in the microsomal fraction from the human ciliary processes. The monoclonal antibody McB2, which is specific to the Na,K-ATPase alpha 2 subunit isoform, has been found to decorate specifically the basolateral membrane domains of NPE cells but not of the PE cells, suggesting its expression in vivo only in the ocular NPE ciliary epithelium. However, cultured cells derived from the NPE and PE layers exhibit a different pattern of expression of mRNA and protein for the Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit isoforms when compared to the tissue. Both the NPE and PE cells express alpha 1 and alpha 3 mRNA and polypeptide, whereas alpha 2 mRNA and polypeptide are undetectable in these cells. The established cell lines derived from the NPE layer express comparable levels of the alpha 1 and alpha 3 isoforms of Na,K-ATPase as detected in the primary culture. However, the established NPE cell lines are also distinguishable from the normal PE cells when analyzed by Western blot analysis with A x 2 antibodies. The results presented here clearly show that the NPE and PE cells in the ciliary body have a distinct expression of Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit isoforms as compared to cultured cells.