Association Between Restless Legs Syndrome and Adult ADHD in a German Community-Based Sample.J Atten Disord. 2018 02; 22(3):300-308.JA
Previous research in clinical samples indicated a significant association between ADHD and restless legs syndrome (RLS). The present study examined the association between adult ADHD and RLS in the German population.
Self-rating instruments to assess RLS, childhood ADHD, and adult ADHD were administered to a community-based sample (N = 1,632). In addition, current depression and anxiety, sleep disturbances, weight, and height were assessed by self-report.
Adult ADHD was associated with statistically significant increases in the odds of meeting diagnostic criteria for RLS even when adjusting for potential confounding variables such as weight (odds ratio [OR] = 3.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.29, 7.63], p< .001). However, the association did not hold true after adjusting for the presence of sleep disturbances (OR = 2.02, 95% CI = [0.82, 4.96], p = .13).
The findings suggest a strong link between RLS and adult ADHD symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of RLS among adult ADHD patients, especially as there might be a negative interactive effect.