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Association Between Restless Legs Syndrome and Adult ADHD in a German Community-Based Sample.
J Atten Disord. 2018 02; 22(3):300-308.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Previous research in clinical samples indicated a significant association between ADHD and restless legs syndrome (RLS). The present study examined the association between adult ADHD and RLS in the German population.

METHOD

Self-rating instruments to assess RLS, childhood ADHD, and adult ADHD were administered to a community-based sample (N = 1,632). In addition, current depression and anxiety, sleep disturbances, weight, and height were assessed by self-report.

RESULTS

Adult ADHD was associated with statistically significant increases in the odds of meeting diagnostic criteria for RLS even when adjusting for potential confounding variables such as weight (odds ratio [OR] = 3.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.29, 7.63], p< .001). However, the association did not hold true after adjusting for the presence of sleep disturbances (OR = 2.02, 95% CI = [0.82, 4.96], p = .13).

CONCLUSION

The findings suggest a strong link between RLS and adult ADHD symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of RLS among adult ADHD patients, especially as there might be a negative interactive effect.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Hannover Medical School, Germany.1 Hannover Medical School, Germany.2 University of Mainz, Germany.3 University of Oldenburg, Germany.2 University of Mainz, Germany. 4 University of Leipzig, Germany.1 Hannover Medical School, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25555628

Citation

Roy, Mandy, et al. "Association Between Restless Legs Syndrome and Adult ADHD in a German Community-Based Sample." Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 22, no. 3, 2018, pp. 300-308.
Roy M, de Zwaan M, Tuin I, et al. Association Between Restless Legs Syndrome and Adult ADHD in a German Community-Based Sample. J Atten Disord. 2018;22(3):300-308.
Roy, M., de Zwaan, M., Tuin, I., Philipsen, A., Brähler, E., & Müller, A. (2018). Association Between Restless Legs Syndrome and Adult ADHD in a German Community-Based Sample. Journal of Attention Disorders, 22(3), 300-308. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054714561291
Roy M, et al. Association Between Restless Legs Syndrome and Adult ADHD in a German Community-Based Sample. J Atten Disord. 2018;22(3):300-308. PubMed PMID: 25555628.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association Between Restless Legs Syndrome and Adult ADHD in a German Community-Based Sample. AU - Roy,Mandy, AU - de Zwaan,Martina, AU - Tuin,Inka, AU - Philipsen,Alexandra, AU - Brähler,Elmar, AU - Müller,Astrid, Y1 - 2015/01/02/ PY - 2015/1/4/pubmed PY - 2019/3/22/medline PY - 2015/1/4/entrez KW - adult ADHD KW - general population KW - restless legs syndrome KW - sleep disturbances SP - 300 EP - 308 JF - Journal of attention disorders JO - J Atten Disord VL - 22 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Previous research in clinical samples indicated a significant association between ADHD and restless legs syndrome (RLS). The present study examined the association between adult ADHD and RLS in the German population. METHOD: Self-rating instruments to assess RLS, childhood ADHD, and adult ADHD were administered to a community-based sample (N = 1,632). In addition, current depression and anxiety, sleep disturbances, weight, and height were assessed by self-report. RESULTS: Adult ADHD was associated with statistically significant increases in the odds of meeting diagnostic criteria for RLS even when adjusting for potential confounding variables such as weight (odds ratio [OR] = 3.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.29, 7.63], p< .001). However, the association did not hold true after adjusting for the presence of sleep disturbances (OR = 2.02, 95% CI = [0.82, 4.96], p = .13). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest a strong link between RLS and adult ADHD symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of RLS among adult ADHD patients, especially as there might be a negative interactive effect. SN - 1557-1246 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25555628/Association_Between_Restless_Legs_Syndrome_and_Adult_ADHD_in_a_German_Community_Based_Sample_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1087054714561291?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -