Easy solid-phase synthesis of pH-insensitive heterogeneous CNTs/FeS Fenton-like catalyst for the removal of antibiotics from aqueous solution.J Colloid Interface Sci. 2015 Apr 15; 444:24-32.JC
We report a facile solid method to synthesize efficient carbon-based Fenton-like catalyst (CNTs/FeS) using as-prepared carbon nanotubes (APCNTs), which makes full use of the iron nanoparticles in APCNTs without needless purification. Furthermore, the CNTs/FeS was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric (TG) and other analysis techniques, and then the CNTs/FeS was used as a Fenton-like catalyst for removing ciprofloxacin from aqueous solution. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to find the effect of the reaction parameter and the optimum operating condition. Results shows the catalytic reaction had better suitability than previous studies in a wide range of pH values (pH 3-8) and the Fenton-like catalyst CNTs/FeS exhibits good catalytic activity for removing of antibiotic, which be attributed to the synergistic effect of adsorption-advanced oxidation and significantly improves efficiency of advanced oxidation. More importantly, the CNTs/FeS catalyst exhibit good regeneration performance and retains a high catalytic capacity (>75%) even after four reaction cycles. The catalytic mechanism were also studied further, the removal mechanism of ciprofloxacin by a CNTs/FeS heterogeneous Fenton-like process primarily involves three removal pathways occurring simultaneously: (a) adsorption removal by CNTs, (b) Fenton-like degradation catalyzed by FeS, (c) catalytic degradation by CNTs catalyst. And these actions also have synergistic effects for ciprofloxacin removal.