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Zoonotic origin of hepatitis E.
Curr Opin Virol. 2015 Feb; 10:34-41.CO

Abstract

The concept of zoonotic viral hepatitis E has emerged a few years ago following the discovery of animal strains of hepatitis E virus (HEV), closely related to human HEV, in countries where sporadic cases of hepatitis E were autochthonous. Recent advances in the identification of animal reservoirs of HEV have confirmed that strains circulating in domestic and wild pigs are genetically related to strains identified in indigenous human cases. The demonstration of HEV contamination in the food chain or pork products has indicated that HEV is frequently a foodborne zoonotic pathogen. Direct contacts with infected animals, consumption of contaminated animal meat or meat products are all potential means of zoonotic HEV transmission. The recent identification of numerous other genetically diverse HEV strains from various animal species poses additional potential concerns for HEV zoonotic infection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UMR 1161 Virology, ANSES, Laboratory for Animal Health, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France; UMR 1161 Virology, INRA, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France; UMR 1161 Virology, Université Paris Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France. Electronic address: Nicole.PAVIO@anses.fr.Centre for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.UMR 1161 Virology, ANSES, Laboratory for Animal Health, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France; UMR 1161 Virology, INRA, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France; UMR 1161 Virology, Université Paris Est, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, 94706 Maisons-Alfort, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25588602

Citation

Pavio, Nicole, et al. "Zoonotic Origin of Hepatitis E." Current Opinion in Virology, vol. 10, 2015, pp. 34-41.
Pavio N, Meng XJ, Doceul V. Zoonotic origin of hepatitis E. Curr Opin Virol. 2015;10:34-41.
Pavio, N., Meng, X. J., & Doceul, V. (2015). Zoonotic origin of hepatitis E. Current Opinion in Virology, 10, 34-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coviro.2014.12.006
Pavio N, Meng XJ, Doceul V. Zoonotic Origin of Hepatitis E. Curr Opin Virol. 2015;10:34-41. PubMed PMID: 25588602.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Zoonotic origin of hepatitis E. AU - Pavio,Nicole, AU - Meng,Xiang-Jin, AU - Doceul,Virginie, Y1 - 2015/01/09/ PY - 2014/09/01/received PY - 2014/12/10/revised PY - 2014/12/17/accepted PY - 2015/1/16/entrez PY - 2015/1/16/pubmed PY - 2015/12/19/medline SP - 34 EP - 41 JF - Current opinion in virology JO - Curr Opin Virol VL - 10 N2 - The concept of zoonotic viral hepatitis E has emerged a few years ago following the discovery of animal strains of hepatitis E virus (HEV), closely related to human HEV, in countries where sporadic cases of hepatitis E were autochthonous. Recent advances in the identification of animal reservoirs of HEV have confirmed that strains circulating in domestic and wild pigs are genetically related to strains identified in indigenous human cases. The demonstration of HEV contamination in the food chain or pork products has indicated that HEV is frequently a foodborne zoonotic pathogen. Direct contacts with infected animals, consumption of contaminated animal meat or meat products are all potential means of zoonotic HEV transmission. The recent identification of numerous other genetically diverse HEV strains from various animal species poses additional potential concerns for HEV zoonotic infection. SN - 1879-6265 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25588602/Zoonotic_origin_of_hepatitis_E_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1879-6257(14)00238-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -