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Use of E-Cigarettes Among Current Smokers: Associations Among Reasons for Use, Quit Intentions, and Current Tobacco Use.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Oct; 17(10):1228-34.NT

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Research has documented growing availability and use of e-cigarettes in the United States over the last decade.

METHODS

We conducted a national panel survey of current adult cigarette smokers to assess attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors relating to e-cigarette use in the United States (N = 2,254).

RESULTS

Among current cigarette smokers, 20.4% reported current use of e-cigarettes on some days and 3.7% reported daily use. Reported reasons for e-cigarette use included: quit smoking (58.4%), reduce smoking (57.9%), and reduce health risks (51.9%). No significant differences in sociodemographic characteristics between e-cigarette users and nonusers were observed. Prior quit attempts were reported more frequently among e-cigarette users (82.8%) than nonusers (74.0%). Intention to quit was reported more frequently among e-cigarette users (64.7%) than nonusers (46.8%). Smokers intending to quit were more likely to be e-cigarette users than those not intending to quit (odds ratio [OR] = 1.90, CI =1.36-2.65). Those who used e-cigarettes to try to quit smoking (OR = 2.25, CI = 1.25-4.05), reduce stress (OR = 3.66, CI = 1.11-12.09), or because they cost less (OR = 3.42, CI = 1.64-7.13) were more likely to report decreases in cigarette smoking than those who did not indicate these reasons. Smokers who reported using e-cigarettes to quit smoking (OR = 16.25, CI = 8.32-31.74) or reduce stress (OR = 4.30, CI = 1.32-14.09) were significantly more likely to report an intention to quit than those who did not indicate those reasons for using e-cigarettes.

CONCLUSIONS

Nearly a quarter of smokers in our study reported e-cigarettes use, primarily motivated by intentions to quit or reduce smoking. These findings identify a clinical and public health opportunity to re-engage smokers in cessation efforts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; rutten.lila@mayo.edu.Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD;Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN;Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD;Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN;Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN;Health Sciences Research Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ.Health Sciences Research Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25589678

Citation

Rutten, Lila J Finney, et al. "Use of E-Cigarettes Among Current Smokers: Associations Among Reasons for Use, Quit Intentions, and Current Tobacco Use." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 17, no. 10, 2015, pp. 1228-34.
Rutten LJ, Blake KD, Agunwamba AA, et al. Use of E-Cigarettes Among Current Smokers: Associations Among Reasons for Use, Quit Intentions, and Current Tobacco Use. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015;17(10):1228-34.
Rutten, L. J., Blake, K. D., Agunwamba, A. A., Grana, R. A., Wilson, P. M., Ebbert, J. O., Okamoto, J., & Leischow, S. J. (2015). Use of E-Cigarettes Among Current Smokers: Associations Among Reasons for Use, Quit Intentions, and Current Tobacco Use. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 17(10), 1228-34. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv003
Rutten LJ, et al. Use of E-Cigarettes Among Current Smokers: Associations Among Reasons for Use, Quit Intentions, and Current Tobacco Use. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015;17(10):1228-34. PubMed PMID: 25589678.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Use of E-Cigarettes Among Current Smokers: Associations Among Reasons for Use, Quit Intentions, and Current Tobacco Use. AU - Rutten,Lila J Finney, AU - Blake,Kelly D, AU - Agunwamba,Amenah A, AU - Grana,Rachel A, AU - Wilson,Patrick M, AU - Ebbert,Jon O, AU - Okamoto,Janet, AU - Leischow,Scott J, Y1 - 2015/01/14/ PY - 2014/10/14/received PY - 2014/12/29/accepted PY - 2015/1/16/entrez PY - 2015/1/16/pubmed PY - 2016/5/18/medline SP - 1228 EP - 34 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob Res VL - 17 IS - 10 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Research has documented growing availability and use of e-cigarettes in the United States over the last decade. METHODS: We conducted a national panel survey of current adult cigarette smokers to assess attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors relating to e-cigarette use in the United States (N = 2,254). RESULTS: Among current cigarette smokers, 20.4% reported current use of e-cigarettes on some days and 3.7% reported daily use. Reported reasons for e-cigarette use included: quit smoking (58.4%), reduce smoking (57.9%), and reduce health risks (51.9%). No significant differences in sociodemographic characteristics between e-cigarette users and nonusers were observed. Prior quit attempts were reported more frequently among e-cigarette users (82.8%) than nonusers (74.0%). Intention to quit was reported more frequently among e-cigarette users (64.7%) than nonusers (46.8%). Smokers intending to quit were more likely to be e-cigarette users than those not intending to quit (odds ratio [OR] = 1.90, CI =1.36-2.65). Those who used e-cigarettes to try to quit smoking (OR = 2.25, CI = 1.25-4.05), reduce stress (OR = 3.66, CI = 1.11-12.09), or because they cost less (OR = 3.42, CI = 1.64-7.13) were more likely to report decreases in cigarette smoking than those who did not indicate these reasons. Smokers who reported using e-cigarettes to quit smoking (OR = 16.25, CI = 8.32-31.74) or reduce stress (OR = 4.30, CI = 1.32-14.09) were significantly more likely to report an intention to quit than those who did not indicate those reasons for using e-cigarettes. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly a quarter of smokers in our study reported e-cigarettes use, primarily motivated by intentions to quit or reduce smoking. These findings identify a clinical and public health opportunity to re-engage smokers in cessation efforts. SN - 1469-994X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25589678/Use_of_E_Cigarettes_Among_Current_Smokers:_Associations_Among_Reasons_for_Use_Quit_Intentions_and_Current_Tobacco_Use_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -