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Carvedilol improves biventricular fibrosis and function in experimental pulmonary hypertension.
J Mol Med (Berl). 2015 Jun; 93(6):663-74.JM

Abstract

Left ventricular (LV) function influences outcomes in right ventricular (RV) failure. Carvedilol reduces mortality in LV failure and improves RV function in experimental pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, its impact on ventricular-ventricular interactions and LV function in RV afterload is unknown. We investigated effects of carvedilol on biventricular fibrosis and function in a rat model of persistent PAH. Rats were randomized into three groups: Sham controls, PAH, and PAH + carvedilol. Severe PAH was induced by 60 mg/kg subcutaneous monocrotaline. In the treatment group, oral carvedilol (15 mg/kg/day) was started 2 weeks after monocrotaline injection and continued for 3 weeks until the terminal experiment. Echocardiography and exercise performance were performed at baseline and repeated at the terminal experiment with hemodynamic measurements. LV and RV myocardium were analyzed for hypertrophy, fibrosis, and molecular signaling by protein and mRNA analysis. PAH and PAH + carvedilol rats experienced severely elevated pulmonary arterial pressures and RV hypertrophy. Despite similar RV systolic pressures, carvedilol reduced biventricular collagen content (RV fibrosis area; 13.4 ± 6.5 vs. 5.5 ± 2.7 %, p < 0.001) and expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1) (RV TGFβ1/glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) ratio; 1.16 ± 0.39 vs. 0.57 ± 0.22, p < 0.01) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) (RV CTGF/GAPDH ratio; 0.49 ± 0.06 vs. 0.35 ± 0.17, p < 0.05). RV pro-apoptotic caspase-8 was increased in PAH compared to controls and was significantly reduced in both ventricles compared to PAH animals by carvedilol. Tissue effects were accompanied by improved biventricular systolic and diastolic performance and exercise treadmill distance (36 ± 30 vs. 80 ± 33 m, p < 0.05). In RV pressure-load, carvedilol improves biventricular fibrosis and function through abrogation of TGFβ1-CTGF signaling.

KEY MESSAGE

• RV afterload caused biventricular injury and dysfunction through TGFβ1-CTGF signaling. • Carvedilol reduced biventricular TGFβ1-CTGF signaling, fibrosis, and apoptosis. • Carvedilol improved cardiac output and biventricular function. • Improved fibrosis and hemodynamics occurred despite persistent RV afterload.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Labatt Family Heart Center, Division of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25595602

Citation

Okumura, Kenichi, et al. "Carvedilol Improves Biventricular Fibrosis and Function in Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension." Journal of Molecular Medicine (Berlin, Germany), vol. 93, no. 6, 2015, pp. 663-74.
Okumura K, Kato H, Honjo O, et al. Carvedilol improves biventricular fibrosis and function in experimental pulmonary hypertension. J Mol Med. 2015;93(6):663-74.
Okumura, K., Kato, H., Honjo, O., Breitling, S., Kuebler, W. M., Sun, M., & Friedberg, M. K. (2015). Carvedilol improves biventricular fibrosis and function in experimental pulmonary hypertension. Journal of Molecular Medicine (Berlin, Germany), 93(6), 663-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00109-015-1251-9
Okumura K, et al. Carvedilol Improves Biventricular Fibrosis and Function in Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension. J Mol Med. 2015;93(6):663-74. PubMed PMID: 25595602.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Carvedilol improves biventricular fibrosis and function in experimental pulmonary hypertension. AU - Okumura,Kenichi, AU - Kato,Hideyuki, AU - Honjo,Osami, AU - Breitling,Siegfried, AU - Kuebler,Wolfgang M, AU - Sun,Mei, AU - Friedberg,Mark K, Y1 - 2015/01/18/ PY - 2014/07/23/received PY - 2015/01/06/accepted PY - 2014/12/15/revised PY - 2015/1/18/entrez PY - 2015/1/18/pubmed PY - 2016/2/6/medline SP - 663 EP - 74 JF - Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany) JO - J. Mol. Med. VL - 93 IS - 6 N2 - UNLABELLED: Left ventricular (LV) function influences outcomes in right ventricular (RV) failure. Carvedilol reduces mortality in LV failure and improves RV function in experimental pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, its impact on ventricular-ventricular interactions and LV function in RV afterload is unknown. We investigated effects of carvedilol on biventricular fibrosis and function in a rat model of persistent PAH. Rats were randomized into three groups: Sham controls, PAH, and PAH + carvedilol. Severe PAH was induced by 60 mg/kg subcutaneous monocrotaline. In the treatment group, oral carvedilol (15 mg/kg/day) was started 2 weeks after monocrotaline injection and continued for 3 weeks until the terminal experiment. Echocardiography and exercise performance were performed at baseline and repeated at the terminal experiment with hemodynamic measurements. LV and RV myocardium were analyzed for hypertrophy, fibrosis, and molecular signaling by protein and mRNA analysis. PAH and PAH + carvedilol rats experienced severely elevated pulmonary arterial pressures and RV hypertrophy. Despite similar RV systolic pressures, carvedilol reduced biventricular collagen content (RV fibrosis area; 13.4 ± 6.5 vs. 5.5 ± 2.7 %, p < 0.001) and expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1) (RV TGFβ1/glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) ratio; 1.16 ± 0.39 vs. 0.57 ± 0.22, p < 0.01) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) (RV CTGF/GAPDH ratio; 0.49 ± 0.06 vs. 0.35 ± 0.17, p < 0.05). RV pro-apoptotic caspase-8 was increased in PAH compared to controls and was significantly reduced in both ventricles compared to PAH animals by carvedilol. Tissue effects were accompanied by improved biventricular systolic and diastolic performance and exercise treadmill distance (36 ± 30 vs. 80 ± 33 m, p < 0.05). In RV pressure-load, carvedilol improves biventricular fibrosis and function through abrogation of TGFβ1-CTGF signaling. KEY MESSAGE: • RV afterload caused biventricular injury and dysfunction through TGFβ1-CTGF signaling. • Carvedilol reduced biventricular TGFβ1-CTGF signaling, fibrosis, and apoptosis. • Carvedilol improved cardiac output and biventricular function. • Improved fibrosis and hemodynamics occurred despite persistent RV afterload. SN - 1432-1440 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25595602/Carvedilol_improves_biventricular_fibrosis_and_function_in_experimental_pulmonary_hypertension_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00109-015-1251-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -