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Mathematically gifted adolescents mobilize enhanced workspace configuration of theta cortical network during deductive reasoning.
Neuroscience. 2015 Mar 19; 289:334-48.N

Abstract

Previous studies have established the importance of the fronto-parietal brain network in the information processing of reasoning. At the level of cortical source analysis, this eletroencepalogram (EEG) study investigates the functional reorganization of the theta-band (4-8Hz) neurocognitive network of mathematically gifted adolescents during deductive reasoning. Depending on the dense increase of long-range phase synchronizations in the reasoning process, math-gifted adolescents show more significant adaptive reorganization and enhanced "workspace" configuration in the theta network as compared with average-ability control subjects. The salient areas are mainly located in the anterior cortical vertices of the fronto-parietal network. Further correlation analyses have shown that the enhanced workspace configuration with respect to the global topological metrics of the theta network in math-gifted subjects is correlated with the intensive frontal midline theta (fm theta) response that is related to strong neural effort for cognitive events. These results suggest that by investing more cognitive resources math-gifted adolescents temporally mobilize an enhanced task-related global neuronal workspace, which is manifested as a highly integrated fronto-parietal information processing network during the reasoning process.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Key Lab of Child Development and Learning Science of Ministry of Education, Research Center for Learning Science, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210096, China.Key Lab of Child Development and Learning Science of Ministry of Education, Research Center for Learning Science, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210096, China; School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, University of Essex, Colchester, UK.Key Lab of Child Development and Learning Science of Ministry of Education, Research Center for Learning Science, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210096, China. Electronic address: hxwang@seu.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25595993

Citation

Zhang, L, et al. "Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Mobilize Enhanced Workspace Configuration of Theta Cortical Network During Deductive Reasoning." Neuroscience, vol. 289, 2015, pp. 334-48.
Zhang L, Gan JQ, Wang H. Mathematically gifted adolescents mobilize enhanced workspace configuration of theta cortical network during deductive reasoning. Neuroscience. 2015;289:334-48.
Zhang, L., Gan, J. Q., & Wang, H. (2015). Mathematically gifted adolescents mobilize enhanced workspace configuration of theta cortical network during deductive reasoning. Neuroscience, 289, 334-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2014.12.072
Zhang L, Gan JQ, Wang H. Mathematically Gifted Adolescents Mobilize Enhanced Workspace Configuration of Theta Cortical Network During Deductive Reasoning. Neuroscience. 2015 Mar 19;289:334-48. PubMed PMID: 25595993.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mathematically gifted adolescents mobilize enhanced workspace configuration of theta cortical network during deductive reasoning. AU - Zhang,L, AU - Gan,J Q, AU - Wang,H, Y1 - 2015/01/13/ PY - 2014/09/15/received PY - 2014/12/21/revised PY - 2014/12/23/accepted PY - 2015/1/18/entrez PY - 2015/1/18/pubmed PY - 2015/12/15/medline KW - cortical source analysis KW - frontal midline theta response KW - functional network reorganization KW - graph theory KW - math-gifted adolescents KW - workspace configuration SP - 334 EP - 48 JF - Neuroscience JO - Neuroscience VL - 289 N2 - Previous studies have established the importance of the fronto-parietal brain network in the information processing of reasoning. At the level of cortical source analysis, this eletroencepalogram (EEG) study investigates the functional reorganization of the theta-band (4-8Hz) neurocognitive network of mathematically gifted adolescents during deductive reasoning. Depending on the dense increase of long-range phase synchronizations in the reasoning process, math-gifted adolescents show more significant adaptive reorganization and enhanced "workspace" configuration in the theta network as compared with average-ability control subjects. The salient areas are mainly located in the anterior cortical vertices of the fronto-parietal network. Further correlation analyses have shown that the enhanced workspace configuration with respect to the global topological metrics of the theta network in math-gifted subjects is correlated with the intensive frontal midline theta (fm theta) response that is related to strong neural effort for cognitive events. These results suggest that by investing more cognitive resources math-gifted adolescents temporally mobilize an enhanced task-related global neuronal workspace, which is manifested as a highly integrated fronto-parietal information processing network during the reasoning process. SN - 1873-7544 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25595993/Mathematically_gifted_adolescents_mobilize_enhanced_workspace_configuration_of_theta_cortical_network_during_deductive_reasoning_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4522(15)00047-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -