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Antifungal Activity of Some Constituents of Origanum vulgare L. Essential Oil Against Postharvest Disease of Peach Fruit.
J Med Food. 2015 Aug; 18(8):929-34.JM

Abstract

Plant essential oils (EOs) can potentially replace synthetic fungicides in the management of postharvest fruit and vegetable diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro and in vivo effectiveness of thymol, carvacrol, linalool, and trans-caryophyllene, single constituents of the EO of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum against Monilinia laxa, M. fructigena, and M. fructicola, which are important phytopathogens and causal agents of brown rot of pome and stone fruits in pre- and postharvest. Moreover, the possible phytotoxic activity of these constituents was assessed and their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined. In vitro experiment indicated that thymol and carvacrol possess the highest antifungal activity. Results of in vivo trials confirmed the strong efficacy of thymol and carvacrol against brown rot of peach fruits. The thymol MIC resulted to be 0.16 μg/μL against M. laxa and M. fructigena and 0.12 μg/μL against M. fructicola, whereas for carvacrol they were 0.02 μg/μL against the first two Monilinia species and 0.03 μg/μL against the third. Results of this study indicated that thymol and carvacrol could be used after suitable formulation for controlling postharvest fruit diseases caused by the three studied Monilinia species.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 School of Agricultural, Forestry, Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Basilicata , Potenza, Italy .2 Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno , Salerno, Italy .1 School of Agricultural, Forestry, Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Basilicata , Potenza, Italy .2 Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno , Salerno, Italy .2 Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno , Salerno, Italy .2 Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno , Salerno, Italy .1 School of Agricultural, Forestry, Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Basilicata , Potenza, Italy .

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25599273

Citation

Elshafie, Hazem S., et al. "Antifungal Activity of some Constituents of Origanum Vulgare L. Essential Oil Against Postharvest Disease of Peach Fruit." Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 18, no. 8, 2015, pp. 929-34.
Elshafie HS, Mancini E, Sakr S, et al. Antifungal Activity of Some Constituents of Origanum vulgare L. Essential Oil Against Postharvest Disease of Peach Fruit. J Med Food. 2015;18(8):929-34.
Elshafie, H. S., Mancini, E., Sakr, S., De Martino, L., Mattia, C. A., De Feo, V., & Camele, I. (2015). Antifungal Activity of Some Constituents of Origanum vulgare L. Essential Oil Against Postharvest Disease of Peach Fruit. Journal of Medicinal Food, 18(8), 929-34. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2014.0167
Elshafie HS, et al. Antifungal Activity of some Constituents of Origanum Vulgare L. Essential Oil Against Postharvest Disease of Peach Fruit. J Med Food. 2015;18(8):929-34. PubMed PMID: 25599273.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antifungal Activity of Some Constituents of Origanum vulgare L. Essential Oil Against Postharvest Disease of Peach Fruit. AU - Elshafie,Hazem S, AU - Mancini,Emilia, AU - Sakr,Shimaa, AU - De Martino,Laura, AU - Mattia,Carlo Andrea, AU - De Feo,Vincenzo, AU - Camele,Ippolito, Y1 - 2015/01/19/ PY - 2015/1/20/entrez PY - 2015/1/20/pubmed PY - 2016/6/29/medline KW - Monilinia spp. KW - bioactive substances KW - biological control KW - carvacrol KW - stone fruits KW - thymol SP - 929 EP - 34 JF - Journal of medicinal food JO - J Med Food VL - 18 IS - 8 N2 - Plant essential oils (EOs) can potentially replace synthetic fungicides in the management of postharvest fruit and vegetable diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro and in vivo effectiveness of thymol, carvacrol, linalool, and trans-caryophyllene, single constituents of the EO of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum against Monilinia laxa, M. fructigena, and M. fructicola, which are important phytopathogens and causal agents of brown rot of pome and stone fruits in pre- and postharvest. Moreover, the possible phytotoxic activity of these constituents was assessed and their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined. In vitro experiment indicated that thymol and carvacrol possess the highest antifungal activity. Results of in vivo trials confirmed the strong efficacy of thymol and carvacrol against brown rot of peach fruits. The thymol MIC resulted to be 0.16 μg/μL against M. laxa and M. fructigena and 0.12 μg/μL against M. fructicola, whereas for carvacrol they were 0.02 μg/μL against the first two Monilinia species and 0.03 μg/μL against the third. Results of this study indicated that thymol and carvacrol could be used after suitable formulation for controlling postharvest fruit diseases caused by the three studied Monilinia species. SN - 1557-7600 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25599273/Antifungal_Activity_of_Some_Constituents_of_Origanum_vulgare_L__Essential_Oil_Against_Postharvest_Disease_of_Peach_Fruit_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/jmf.2014.0167?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -