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Energy and nutrient intake from pizza in the United States.
Pediatrics. 2015 Feb; 135(2):322-30.Ped

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

Pizza consumption is a top contributor to children's and adolescents' caloric intake. The objective of this study was to examine children's and adolescents' pizza consumption patterns and its impact on their energy and nutrient intake.

METHODS

Twenty-four-hour dietary recall data for children aged 2 to 11 and adolescents aged 12 to 19 were drawn from the 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, and 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We tested changes in consumption patterns, including by race/ethnicity, income, meal occasion, and source. Individual-level fixed effects regression models estimated the impact of pizza consumption on total energy intake (TEI) and intakes of sugar, saturated fat, and sodium.

RESULTS

From 2003-2004 to 2009-2010, overall energy intake from pizza declined 25% among children (110 to 83 kcal, P ≤ .05). Among adolescents, although caloric intake from pizza among those who consumed pizza fell (801 to 624 kcal, P ≤ .05), overall pizza intake remained unchanged due to slightly higher pizza consumption prevalence. For children and adolescents, pizza intake fell (P ≤ .05) at dinner time and from fast food. For children and adolescents, respectively, pizza consumption was significantly associated with higher net daily TEI (84 kcal and 230 kcal) and higher intakes of saturated fat (3 g and 5 g) and sodium (134 mg and 484 mg) but not sugar intake, and such affects generally did not differ by sociodemographic characteristics. Pizza consumption as a snack or from fast-food restaurants had the greatest adverse impact on TEI.

CONCLUSIONS

The adverse dietary effects of pizza consumption found in this study suggest that its consumption should be curbed and its nutrient content improved.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; powelll@uic.edu.Economic and Health Policy Research Program, Intramural Research Department, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia; and.Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25601973

Citation

Powell, Lisa M., et al. "Energy and Nutrient Intake From Pizza in the United States." Pediatrics, vol. 135, no. 2, 2015, pp. 322-30.
Powell LM, Nguyen BT, Dietz WH. Energy and nutrient intake from pizza in the United States. Pediatrics. 2015;135(2):322-30.
Powell, L. M., Nguyen, B. T., & Dietz, W. H. (2015). Energy and nutrient intake from pizza in the United States. Pediatrics, 135(2), 322-30. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-1844
Powell LM, Nguyen BT, Dietz WH. Energy and Nutrient Intake From Pizza in the United States. Pediatrics. 2015;135(2):322-30. PubMed PMID: 25601973.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Energy and nutrient intake from pizza in the United States. AU - Powell,Lisa M, AU - Nguyen,Binh T, AU - Dietz,William H, Y1 - 2015/01/19/ PY - 2015/1/21/entrez PY - 2015/1/21/pubmed PY - 2015/3/27/medline KW - energy intake KW - nutrition KW - obesity KW - pizza consumption SP - 322 EP - 30 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 135 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pizza consumption is a top contributor to children's and adolescents' caloric intake. The objective of this study was to examine children's and adolescents' pizza consumption patterns and its impact on their energy and nutrient intake. METHODS: Twenty-four-hour dietary recall data for children aged 2 to 11 and adolescents aged 12 to 19 were drawn from the 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, and 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We tested changes in consumption patterns, including by race/ethnicity, income, meal occasion, and source. Individual-level fixed effects regression models estimated the impact of pizza consumption on total energy intake (TEI) and intakes of sugar, saturated fat, and sodium. RESULTS: From 2003-2004 to 2009-2010, overall energy intake from pizza declined 25% among children (110 to 83 kcal, P ≤ .05). Among adolescents, although caloric intake from pizza among those who consumed pizza fell (801 to 624 kcal, P ≤ .05), overall pizza intake remained unchanged due to slightly higher pizza consumption prevalence. For children and adolescents, pizza intake fell (P ≤ .05) at dinner time and from fast food. For children and adolescents, respectively, pizza consumption was significantly associated with higher net daily TEI (84 kcal and 230 kcal) and higher intakes of saturated fat (3 g and 5 g) and sodium (134 mg and 484 mg) but not sugar intake, and such affects generally did not differ by sociodemographic characteristics. Pizza consumption as a snack or from fast-food restaurants had the greatest adverse impact on TEI. CONCLUSIONS: The adverse dietary effects of pizza consumption found in this study suggest that its consumption should be curbed and its nutrient content improved. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25601973/Energy_and_nutrient_intake_from_pizza_in_the_United_States_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=25601973 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -