Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dieting and weight cycling as risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases: who is really at risk?
Obes Rev. 2015 Feb; 16 Suppl 1:7-18.OR

Abstract

Despite the poor prognosis of dieting in obesity management, which often results in repeated attempts at weight loss and hence weight cycling, the prevalence of dieting has increased continuously in the past decades in parallel to the steadily increasing prevalence of obesity. However, dieting and weight cycling are not limited to those who are obese or overweight as substantial proportions of the various population groups with normal body weight also attempt to lose weight. These include young and older adults as well as children and adolescents who perceive themselves as too fat (due to media, parental and social pressures), athletes in weight-sensitive competitive sports (i.e. mandatory weight categories, gravitational and aesthetic sports) or among performers for whom a slim image is professionally an advantage. Of particular concern is the emergence of evidence that some of the potentially negative health consequences of repeated dieting and weight cycling are more readily seen in people of normal body weight rather than in those who are overweight or obese. In particular, several metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors associated with weight cycling in normal-weight individuals have been identified from cross-sectional and prospective studies as well as from studies of experimentally induced weight cycling. In addition, findings from studies of experimental weight cycling have reinforced the notion that fluctuations of cardiovascular risk variables (such as blood pressure, heart rate, sympathetic activity, blood glucose, lipids and insulin) with probable repeated overshoots above normal values during periods of weight regain put an additional stress on the cardiovascular system. As the prevalence of diet-induced weight cycling is increasing due to the opposing forces of an 'obesigenic' environment and the media pressure for a slim figure (that even targets children), dieting and weight cycling is likely to become an increasingly serious public health issue.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine/Division of Physiology, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25614199

Citation

Montani, J-P, et al. "Dieting and Weight Cycling as Risk Factors for Cardiometabolic Diseases: Who Is Really at Risk?" Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 16 Suppl 1, 2015, pp. 7-18.
Montani JP, Schutz Y, Dulloo AG. Dieting and weight cycling as risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases: who is really at risk? Obes Rev. 2015;16 Suppl 1:7-18.
Montani, J. P., Schutz, Y., & Dulloo, A. G. (2015). Dieting and weight cycling as risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases: who is really at risk? Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 16 Suppl 1, 7-18. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12251
Montani JP, Schutz Y, Dulloo AG. Dieting and Weight Cycling as Risk Factors for Cardiometabolic Diseases: Who Is Really at Risk. Obes Rev. 2015;16 Suppl 1:7-18. PubMed PMID: 25614199.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dieting and weight cycling as risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases: who is really at risk? AU - Montani,J-P, AU - Schutz,Y, AU - Dulloo,A G, PY - 2015/1/24/entrez PY - 2015/1/24/pubmed PY - 2015/11/13/medline KW - Diabetes KW - hypertension KW - obesity KW - weight cycling SP - 7 EP - 18 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 16 Suppl 1 N2 - Despite the poor prognosis of dieting in obesity management, which often results in repeated attempts at weight loss and hence weight cycling, the prevalence of dieting has increased continuously in the past decades in parallel to the steadily increasing prevalence of obesity. However, dieting and weight cycling are not limited to those who are obese or overweight as substantial proportions of the various population groups with normal body weight also attempt to lose weight. These include young and older adults as well as children and adolescents who perceive themselves as too fat (due to media, parental and social pressures), athletes in weight-sensitive competitive sports (i.e. mandatory weight categories, gravitational and aesthetic sports) or among performers for whom a slim image is professionally an advantage. Of particular concern is the emergence of evidence that some of the potentially negative health consequences of repeated dieting and weight cycling are more readily seen in people of normal body weight rather than in those who are overweight or obese. In particular, several metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors associated with weight cycling in normal-weight individuals have been identified from cross-sectional and prospective studies as well as from studies of experimentally induced weight cycling. In addition, findings from studies of experimental weight cycling have reinforced the notion that fluctuations of cardiovascular risk variables (such as blood pressure, heart rate, sympathetic activity, blood glucose, lipids and insulin) with probable repeated overshoots above normal values during periods of weight regain put an additional stress on the cardiovascular system. As the prevalence of diet-induced weight cycling is increasing due to the opposing forces of an 'obesigenic' environment and the media pressure for a slim figure (that even targets children), dieting and weight cycling is likely to become an increasingly serious public health issue. SN - 1467-789X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25614199/Dieting_and_weight_cycling_as_risk_factors_for_cardiometabolic_diseases:_who_is_really_at_risk DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -