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The prevalence of anemia, iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies in community dwelling elderly in Ankara, Turkey.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2015 Mar-Apr; 60(2):344-8.AG

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Anemia is a common problem among older people. Deficiency of essential erythropoiesis elements (iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid) is one of the major causes of anemia in older people. Studies evaluated prevalence of anemia in our country generally consisted of older people admitted to hospital. Studies conducted on community dwelling older people were much more less. The aim of this study is to evaluate prevalence of anemia and nutritional deficiencies in community dwelling elderly in our country. Totally 827 elderly individuals living in community participated in this study.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization (Hb<13 g/dl for men and Hb<12 g/dl for women). Iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies were evaluated. Iron deficiency anemia was diagnosed when anemia with iron level<60 μg/dl and ferritin level<12 ng/ml. Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia was diagnosed when anemia with vitamin B12 level<200 pg/ml. Folic acid deficiency anemia was diagnosed when anemia with folic acid level<2.6 ng/ml.

RESULTS

Prevalence of anemia was found 7.3%. Prevalence of iron deficiency, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiency were found 7.1%, 64.2% and 10.9%, and 10.9%, respectively. Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was found 2.8%. Prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency anemia was found 4.4% and folic acid deficiency anemia was found 1%.

CONCLUSIONS

Prevalence of anemia was seen 7.3% in our study, but more studies are needed on anemia in community dwelling elderly in our country. Deficiency of iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid is also high in Turkey.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Uğur Mumcu Street, 69/9 Gazi Osman Paşa Çankaya, Cebeci, Ankara 06110, Turkey. Electronic address: tekindoktor@hotmail.com.Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Uğur Mumcu Street, 69/9 Gazi Osman Paşa Çankaya, Cebeci, Ankara 06110, Turkey. Electronic address: ahmetemreyalcin@hotmail.com.Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Uğur Mumcu Street, 69/9 Gazi Osman Paşa Çankaya, Cebeci, Ankara 06110, Turkey. Electronic address: volkanatmis@yahoo.com.Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Uğur Mumcu Street, 69/9 Gazi Osman Paşa Çankaya, Cebeci, Ankara 06110, Turkey. Electronic address: okarslan29@mynet.com.Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Uğur Mumcu Street, 69/9 Gazi Osman Paşa Çankaya, Cebeci, Ankara 06110, Turkey. Electronic address: sevgidursun06@yahoo.com.Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Uğur Mumcu Street, 69/9 Gazi Osman Paşa Çankaya, Cebeci, Ankara 06110, Turkey. Electronic address: mvarli2003@yahoo.com.Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Uğur Mumcu Street, 69/9 Gazi Osman Paşa Çankaya, Cebeci, Ankara 06110, Turkey. Electronic address: teslimeatli@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25616321

Citation

Yildirim, Tekin, et al. "The Prevalence of Anemia, Iron, Vitamin B12, and Folic Acid Deficiencies in Community Dwelling Elderly in Ankara, Turkey." Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 60, no. 2, 2015, pp. 344-8.
Yildirim T, Yalcin A, Atmis V, et al. The prevalence of anemia, iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies in community dwelling elderly in Ankara, Turkey. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2015;60(2):344-8.
Yildirim, T., Yalcin, A., Atmis, V., Cengiz, O. K., Aras, S., Varlı, M., & Atli, T. (2015). The prevalence of anemia, iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies in community dwelling elderly in Ankara, Turkey. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 60(2), 344-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2015.01.001
Yildirim T, et al. The Prevalence of Anemia, Iron, Vitamin B12, and Folic Acid Deficiencies in Community Dwelling Elderly in Ankara, Turkey. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2015 Mar-Apr;60(2):344-8. PubMed PMID: 25616321.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of anemia, iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies in community dwelling elderly in Ankara, Turkey. AU - Yildirim,Tekin, AU - Yalcin,Ahmet, AU - Atmis,Volkan, AU - Cengiz,Ozlem Karaarslan, AU - Aras,Sevgi, AU - Varlı,Murat, AU - Atli,Teslime, Y1 - 2015/01/14/ PY - 2014/04/21/received PY - 2014/12/22/revised PY - 2015/01/06/accepted PY - 2015/1/25/entrez PY - 2015/1/27/pubmed PY - 2015/7/30/medline KW - Anemia KW - Elderly KW - Folic acid KW - Iron KW - Vitamin B(12) SP - 344 EP - 8 JF - Archives of gerontology and geriatrics JO - Arch Gerontol Geriatr VL - 60 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Anemia is a common problem among older people. Deficiency of essential erythropoiesis elements (iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid) is one of the major causes of anemia in older people. Studies evaluated prevalence of anemia in our country generally consisted of older people admitted to hospital. Studies conducted on community dwelling older people were much more less. The aim of this study is to evaluate prevalence of anemia and nutritional deficiencies in community dwelling elderly in our country. Totally 827 elderly individuals living in community participated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization (Hb<13 g/dl for men and Hb<12 g/dl for women). Iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies were evaluated. Iron deficiency anemia was diagnosed when anemia with iron level<60 μg/dl and ferritin level<12 ng/ml. Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia was diagnosed when anemia with vitamin B12 level<200 pg/ml. Folic acid deficiency anemia was diagnosed when anemia with folic acid level<2.6 ng/ml. RESULTS: Prevalence of anemia was found 7.3%. Prevalence of iron deficiency, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiency were found 7.1%, 64.2% and 10.9%, and 10.9%, respectively. Prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was found 2.8%. Prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency anemia was found 4.4% and folic acid deficiency anemia was found 1%. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of anemia was seen 7.3% in our study, but more studies are needed on anemia in community dwelling elderly in our country. Deficiency of iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid is also high in Turkey. SN - 1872-6976 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25616321/The_prevalence_of_anemia_iron_vitamin_B12_and_folic_acid_deficiencies_in_community_dwelling_elderly_in_Ankara_Turkey_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0167-4943(15)00002-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -