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Prevalence of teen dating violence and co-occurring risk factors among middle school youth in high-risk urban communities.
J Adolesc Health. 2015 Feb; 56(2 Suppl 2):S5-13.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

This study describes the lifetime prevalence of teen dating violence (TDV) perpetration in a sample of middle school students from high-risk urban communities and examines the relation between TDV and related cognitive and behavioral risk factors.

METHODS

Surveys were administered to 2,895 middle school students in four U.S. cities; 1,673 students (58%) reported having dated and were included in analyses. The sample was 52.3% female, 48.2% non-Hispanic black/African-American, 38.2% Hispanic, 4.8% non-Hispanic white, and 7.6% other race. Six types of TDV perpetration were assessed: threatening behaviors, verbal/emotional abuse, relational abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and stalking.

RESULTS

Of the students who had dated, 77% reported perpetrating verbal/emotional abuse, 32% reported perpetrating physical abuse, 20% reported threatening a partner, 15% reported perpetrating sexual abuse, 13% reported perpetrating relational abuse, and 6% reported stalking. Girls were more likely than boys to report perpetrating threatening behaviors, verbal/emotional abuse, and physical abuse, and boys were more likely to report perpetrating sexual abuse. Involvement in bullying positively predicted perpetration of TDV, albeit, in different ways for boys and girls. Other risk factors differed by sex. For instance, alcohol use and sex initiation predicted multiple forms of TDV perpetration for boys, whereas weapon carrying and emotional symptoms predicted several forms of TDV perpetration for girls.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of TDV was high in our sample. Important sex differences in rates of perpetration and risk factors emerged. Comprehensive prevention programs that target TDV and related risk factors, such as bullying and other risk factors, seem warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: PNiolon@cdc.gov.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.NORC at the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25620454

Citation

Niolon, Phyllis Holditch, et al. "Prevalence of Teen Dating Violence and Co-occurring Risk Factors Among Middle School Youth in High-risk Urban Communities." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 56, no. 2 Suppl 2, 2015, pp. S5-13.
Niolon PH, Vivolo-Kantor AM, Latzman NE, et al. Prevalence of teen dating violence and co-occurring risk factors among middle school youth in high-risk urban communities. J Adolesc Health. 2015;56(2 Suppl 2):S5-13.
Niolon, P. H., Vivolo-Kantor, A. M., Latzman, N. E., Valle, L. A., Kuoh, H., Burton, T., Taylor, B. G., & Tharp, A. T. (2015). Prevalence of teen dating violence and co-occurring risk factors among middle school youth in high-risk urban communities. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 56(2 Suppl 2), S5-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.07.019
Niolon PH, et al. Prevalence of Teen Dating Violence and Co-occurring Risk Factors Among Middle School Youth in High-risk Urban Communities. J Adolesc Health. 2015;56(2 Suppl 2):S5-13. PubMed PMID: 25620454.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of teen dating violence and co-occurring risk factors among middle school youth in high-risk urban communities. AU - Niolon,Phyllis Holditch, AU - Vivolo-Kantor,Alana M, AU - Latzman,Natasha E, AU - Valle,Linda Anne, AU - Kuoh,Henrietta, AU - Burton,Tessa, AU - Taylor,Bruce G, AU - Tharp,Andra T, PY - 2014/04/03/received PY - 2014/07/11/revised PY - 2014/07/14/accepted PY - 2015/1/27/entrez PY - 2015/1/27/pubmed PY - 2015/8/8/medline KW - High risk KW - Middle school KW - Risk factors KW - Teen dating violence SP - S5 EP - 13 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 56 IS - 2 Suppl 2 N2 - PURPOSE: This study describes the lifetime prevalence of teen dating violence (TDV) perpetration in a sample of middle school students from high-risk urban communities and examines the relation between TDV and related cognitive and behavioral risk factors. METHODS: Surveys were administered to 2,895 middle school students in four U.S. cities; 1,673 students (58%) reported having dated and were included in analyses. The sample was 52.3% female, 48.2% non-Hispanic black/African-American, 38.2% Hispanic, 4.8% non-Hispanic white, and 7.6% other race. Six types of TDV perpetration were assessed: threatening behaviors, verbal/emotional abuse, relational abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and stalking. RESULTS: Of the students who had dated, 77% reported perpetrating verbal/emotional abuse, 32% reported perpetrating physical abuse, 20% reported threatening a partner, 15% reported perpetrating sexual abuse, 13% reported perpetrating relational abuse, and 6% reported stalking. Girls were more likely than boys to report perpetrating threatening behaviors, verbal/emotional abuse, and physical abuse, and boys were more likely to report perpetrating sexual abuse. Involvement in bullying positively predicted perpetration of TDV, albeit, in different ways for boys and girls. Other risk factors differed by sex. For instance, alcohol use and sex initiation predicted multiple forms of TDV perpetration for boys, whereas weapon carrying and emotional symptoms predicted several forms of TDV perpetration for girls. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of TDV was high in our sample. Important sex differences in rates of perpetration and risk factors emerged. Comprehensive prevention programs that target TDV and related risk factors, such as bullying and other risk factors, seem warranted. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25620454/Prevalence_of_teen_dating_violence_and_co_occurring_risk_factors_among_middle_school_youth_in_high_risk_urban_communities_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(14)00314-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -