Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Nutrition and psoriasis: is there any association between the severity of the disease and adherence to the Mediterranean diet?
J Transl Med 2015; 13:18JT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Many studies have evaluated the role of individual nutrients on the development of psoriasis. However, only few studies have investigated the effect of a healthy eating pattern, such as the Mediterranean diet. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet, the body composition and the severity of psoriasis in a group of naïve-treatment patients with psoriasis.

METHODS

This is a cross-sectional case-control observational study. Sixty-two patients (49 males and 13 females, mean age: 50.2±10.5yrs) affected with mild-to-severe psoriasis were consecutively enrolled. Sixty-two age-, sex- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects served as control group. A validated 14-item questionnaire (PREDIMED: PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) was used for the assessment of adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The severity of psoriasis was by assessed by standardized Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Body composition was analyzed with bioelectrical impedance analysis.

RESULTS

A higher percentage of psoriatic patients had a lower PREDIMED score compared to the control group (30.6% vs 4.8%). PASI score was significantly associated with the percentage of fat mass (FM%) and CRP levels. PASI score and CRP levels were significantly associated with the dietary components included in the PREDIMED questionnaire or with the PREDIMED score. At multiple regression analysis, the major predictor of PASI score were FM among BIA parameters, (r(2)=0.537, β=0.740, p<0.001), and FM (r(2)=0.537, β=0.603, p<0.001) and PREDIMED score (r(2)=0.599, β=-0.296, p=0.007) among anthropometric measures, FM and PREDIMED score. Finally, among all items of the PREDIMED questionnaire, EVOO (r(2)=0.548, β=-0.741, p<0.001), and fish consumption (r(2)=0.139, β=-0.372, p=0.005) have an independent predictive value for PASI score and CRP levels.

CONCLUSIONS

This is the first study to evaluate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the severity of psoriasis. Moreover, our study highlights the usefulness of the assessment of body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis in the evaluation of the psoriatic patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

I.O.S. & COLEMAN Srl, Naples, Italy. luigi.barrea@unina.it.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Dermatology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Naples, 80131, Italy. nicola.balato@unina.it.IRCCS SDN, Napoli Via Gianturco 113, Naples, 80143, Italy. cdisomma@unina.it.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Endocrinology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Naples, 80131, Italy. pmacchia@unina.it.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Dermatology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Naples, 80131, Italy. maddy.napolitano@gmail.com.I.O.S. & COLEMAN Srl, Naples, Italy. cristysav@hotmail.com.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples, Via Costantinopoli, Naples, 84-80138, Italy. katherine.esposito@unina2.it.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Endocrinology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Naples, 80131, Italy. colao@unina.it.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Unit of Endocrinology, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Naples, 80131, Italy. sisavast@unina.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25622660

Citation

Barrea, Luigi, et al. "Nutrition and Psoriasis: Is There Any Association Between the Severity of the Disease and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet?" Journal of Translational Medicine, vol. 13, 2015, p. 18.
Barrea L, Balato N, Di Somma C, et al. Nutrition and psoriasis: is there any association between the severity of the disease and adherence to the Mediterranean diet? J Transl Med. 2015;13:18.
Barrea, L., Balato, N., Di Somma, C., Macchia, P. E., Napolitano, M., Savanelli, M. C., ... Savastano, S. (2015). Nutrition and psoriasis: is there any association between the severity of the disease and adherence to the Mediterranean diet? Journal of Translational Medicine, 13, p. 18. doi:10.1186/s12967-014-0372-1.
Barrea L, et al. Nutrition and Psoriasis: Is There Any Association Between the Severity of the Disease and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet. J Transl Med. 2015 Jan 27;13:18. PubMed PMID: 25622660.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrition and psoriasis: is there any association between the severity of the disease and adherence to the Mediterranean diet? AU - Barrea,Luigi, AU - Balato,Nicola, AU - Di Somma,Carolina, AU - Macchia,Paolo Emidio, AU - Napolitano,Maddalena, AU - Savanelli,Maria Cristina, AU - Esposito,Katherine, AU - Colao,Annamaria, AU - Savastano,Silvia, Y1 - 2015/01/27/ PY - 2014/11/17/received PY - 2014/12/23/accepted PY - 2015/1/28/entrez PY - 2015/1/28/pubmed PY - 2016/4/14/medline SP - 18 EP - 18 JF - Journal of translational medicine JO - J Transl Med VL - 13 N2 - BACKGROUND: Many studies have evaluated the role of individual nutrients on the development of psoriasis. However, only few studies have investigated the effect of a healthy eating pattern, such as the Mediterranean diet. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet, the body composition and the severity of psoriasis in a group of naïve-treatment patients with psoriasis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional case-control observational study. Sixty-two patients (49 males and 13 females, mean age: 50.2±10.5yrs) affected with mild-to-severe psoriasis were consecutively enrolled. Sixty-two age-, sex- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects served as control group. A validated 14-item questionnaire (PREDIMED: PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) was used for the assessment of adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The severity of psoriasis was by assessed by standardized Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Body composition was analyzed with bioelectrical impedance analysis. RESULTS: A higher percentage of psoriatic patients had a lower PREDIMED score compared to the control group (30.6% vs 4.8%). PASI score was significantly associated with the percentage of fat mass (FM%) and CRP levels. PASI score and CRP levels were significantly associated with the dietary components included in the PREDIMED questionnaire or with the PREDIMED score. At multiple regression analysis, the major predictor of PASI score were FM among BIA parameters, (r(2)=0.537, β=0.740, p<0.001), and FM (r(2)=0.537, β=0.603, p<0.001) and PREDIMED score (r(2)=0.599, β=-0.296, p=0.007) among anthropometric measures, FM and PREDIMED score. Finally, among all items of the PREDIMED questionnaire, EVOO (r(2)=0.548, β=-0.741, p<0.001), and fish consumption (r(2)=0.139, β=-0.372, p=0.005) have an independent predictive value for PASI score and CRP levels. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to evaluate the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the severity of psoriasis. Moreover, our study highlights the usefulness of the assessment of body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis in the evaluation of the psoriatic patients. SN - 1479-5876 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25622660/full_citation L2 - https://translational-medicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12967-014-0372-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -