[Intensity of functional connection between bilateral hemispheres of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder by functional magnetic resonance imaging].Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2014 Dec 16; 94(46):3649-51.ZY
To explore the neural mechanisms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) through analyzing the intensity of functional connection between bilateral hemispheres of children with ADHD by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI).
The approach of voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) was employed to analyze 31 school-age and 31 ADHD children by rs-fMRI scans.
Positively activated brain regions were visualized when comparing ADHD and normal children, suggesting that ADHD children's VMHC scores were higher in bilateral frontal lobe (t = 5.81), bilateral occipital lobe (t = 5.82) and bilateral cerebellar posterior lobe (t = 6.17). Statistically significant differences existed between two groups (FDR correction, Q<0.01).
The increased intensity of functional connection between bilateral prefrontal lobes in children with ADHD reflects attention disorder and leads to a decline of working memory . The strengthening of bilateral occipital lobes slows down memory process. And the increased intensity of cerebellar connections may damage neural circuits and aggravate ADHD symptoms.