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Whole-body vibration improves functional capacity and quality of life in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a pilot study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Exercise intolerance is a common development in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is little data on the use of an isolated program using vibration platform training on functional capacity in these patients, which is an area that deserves investigation.

AIM

To investigate the effect of training on a vibrating platform (whole-body vibration [WBV]) on functional performance and quality of life of subjects with COPD.

METHODS

A randomized controlled crossover pilot study with eleven subjects with COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1]% predicted =14.63±11.14; forced vital capacity [FVC]% predicted =48.84±15.21; FEV1/FVC =47.39±11.63) underwent a 12-week WBV training program. Participants were randomized into the intervention group (IG) undergoing three sessions per week for a total of 12 weeks and control group (CG) without intervention. We evaluated the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), distance walked (DW), duration of the walk (TW), and index of perceived exertion (IPE), quality of life using St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) and developed a 12-week program of training on a vibrating platform.

RESULTS

The mean age was 62.91±8.82 years old (72.7% male). The DW increased at the end of training with a difference between groups of 75 m; all domains of the SGRQ improved at the end of training. The effect size Cohen's d ranged from small to large for all the measured results.

CONCLUSION

These preliminary results suggest that WBV may potentially be a safe and feasible way to improve functional capacity in the 6MWT of patients with COPD undergoing a training program on the vibrating platform as well as in all domains of the SGRQ quality of life. However, further studies with a larger number of patients are needed to establish the long-term effect on functional capacity and quality of life in these patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25624756

Citation

Braz Júnior, Donato S., et al. "Whole-body Vibration Improves Functional Capacity and Quality of Life in Patients With Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): a Pilot Study." International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, vol. 10, 2015, pp. 125-32.
Braz Júnior DS, Dornelas de Andrade A, Teixeira AS, et al. Whole-body vibration improves functional capacity and quality of life in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a pilot study. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2015;10:125-32.
Braz Júnior, D. S., Dornelas de Andrade, A., Teixeira, A. S., Cavalcanti, C. A., Morais, A. B., & Marinho, P. E. (2015). Whole-body vibration improves functional capacity and quality of life in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a pilot study. International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 10, 125-32. https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S73751
Braz Júnior DS, et al. Whole-body Vibration Improves Functional Capacity and Quality of Life in Patients With Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): a Pilot Study. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2015;10:125-32. PubMed PMID: 25624756.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Whole-body vibration improves functional capacity and quality of life in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a pilot study. AU - Braz Júnior,Donato S, AU - Dornelas de Andrade,Arméle, AU - Teixeira,Andrei S, AU - Cavalcanti,Cléssyo A, AU - Morais,André B, AU - Marinho,Patrícia Em, Y1 - 2015/01/12/ PY - 2015/1/28/entrez PY - 2015/1/28/pubmed PY - 2015/9/16/medline KW - SGRQ KW - exercise tolerance KW - exercise training KW - pulmonary rehabilitation SP - 125 EP - 32 JF - International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease JO - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis VL - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Exercise intolerance is a common development in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is little data on the use of an isolated program using vibration platform training on functional capacity in these patients, which is an area that deserves investigation. AIM: To investigate the effect of training on a vibrating platform (whole-body vibration [WBV]) on functional performance and quality of life of subjects with COPD. METHODS: A randomized controlled crossover pilot study with eleven subjects with COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1]% predicted =14.63±11.14; forced vital capacity [FVC]% predicted =48.84±15.21; FEV1/FVC =47.39±11.63) underwent a 12-week WBV training program. Participants were randomized into the intervention group (IG) undergoing three sessions per week for a total of 12 weeks and control group (CG) without intervention. We evaluated the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), distance walked (DW), duration of the walk (TW), and index of perceived exertion (IPE), quality of life using St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) and developed a 12-week program of training on a vibrating platform. RESULTS: The mean age was 62.91±8.82 years old (72.7% male). The DW increased at the end of training with a difference between groups of 75 m; all domains of the SGRQ improved at the end of training. The effect size Cohen's d ranged from small to large for all the measured results. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results suggest that WBV may potentially be a safe and feasible way to improve functional capacity in the 6MWT of patients with COPD undergoing a training program on the vibrating platform as well as in all domains of the SGRQ quality of life. However, further studies with a larger number of patients are needed to establish the long-term effect on functional capacity and quality of life in these patients. SN - 1178-2005 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25624756/Whole_body_vibration_improves_functional_capacity_and_quality_of_life_in_patients_with_severe_chronic_obstructive_pulmonary_disease__COPD_:_a_pilot_study_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S73751 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -