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[Heavy metals distribution characteristics and ecological risk evaluation in surface sediments of dammed Jinshan lake].
Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2014 Nov; 35(11):4127-34.HJ

Abstract

In order to reveal the pollution loading of heavy metals in Dammed Jinshan lake, six heavy metals (As, Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn, Cr) from 18 sediment samples were analyzed using ICP, and the distribution characteristics of heavy metals in the sediment were comprehensively evaluated through concentration coefficient, geo-acumulation indexes, potential ecological risk evaluation and traceability analysis. The results showed that (1) the average contents of As, Pb, Cu, Zn, Cr, Cd were 23.22, 26.20, 24.42, 143.12, 245.30 and 0.67 mg x kg(-1), respectively, in the surface sediments of dammed Jinshan Lake. The average contents of Pb and Cu were lower than the primary standard and secondary standards of soil environmental quality standards. The average contents of Zn and Cr were lower than the primary standard and higher than the secondary standards of soil environmental quality standards. The average contents of As and Cd were higher than the primary and secondary standards of soil environmental quality standards. From the spatial distribution, the contents of Pb and Zn were the highest at sampling site No. 1, which was located at the Beigushan Square. The contents of As,Cu, Cr, Cd were the highest at sampling sites Nos. 12, 3, 14, and 7, respectively; (2) The order of concentration coefficient was As > Cr > Cd > Pb > Zn > Cu, which indicated that the enrichment amount of As was the highest and that of Cu was the lowest; (3) Based on the geo-acumulation indexes, the Cu is clean and Pb, Zn, Cd is the light pollution and As, Cr moderate pollution; (4) The order of Potential ecological risk coefficient was Cd > As > Cr > Pb > Cu > Zn, Cr, Pb, Cu, Zn were of light ecological risk and As, Cd were of medium ecological risk. From the spatial distribution, the sampling sites Nos. 1, 6, 7 and 12 had medium potential ecological risk, and the rest sample points had slight potential ecological risk; (5) The principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that the main reason for the differences of heavy metals in surface sediments of Jinshan lake was the different sediment environmental background value at the 18 samples sites. Besides, the pollution sources in each sampling sites also contributed to the differences in heavy metals; (6) the influence of the dam on the heavy metals distribution was not clear, and requires long-term study.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

25639085

Citation

Zhou, Xiao-Hong, et al. "[Heavy Metals Distribution Characteristics and Ecological Risk Evaluation in Surface Sediments of Dammed Jinshan Lake]." Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue, vol. 35, no. 11, 2014, pp. 4127-34.
Zhou XH, Liu LM, Chen X, et al. [Heavy metals distribution characteristics and ecological risk evaluation in surface sediments of dammed Jinshan lake]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2014;35(11):4127-34.
Zhou, X. H., Liu, L. M., Chen, X., Chen, Z. G., Zhang, J. P., Li, Y. M., & Liu, B. (2014). [Heavy metals distribution characteristics and ecological risk evaluation in surface sediments of dammed Jinshan lake]. Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue, 35(11), 4127-34.
Zhou XH, et al. [Heavy Metals Distribution Characteristics and Ecological Risk Evaluation in Surface Sediments of Dammed Jinshan Lake]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2014;35(11):4127-34. PubMed PMID: 25639085.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Heavy metals distribution characteristics and ecological risk evaluation in surface sediments of dammed Jinshan lake]. AU - Zhou,Xiao-Hong, AU - Liu,Long-Mei, AU - Chen,Xi, AU - Chen,Zhi-Gang, AU - Zhang,Jin-Ping, AU - Li,Yi-Min, AU - Liu,Biao, PY - 2015/2/3/entrez PY - 2015/2/3/pubmed PY - 2015/5/30/medline SP - 4127 EP - 34 JF - Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue JO - Huan Jing Ke Xue VL - 35 IS - 11 N2 - In order to reveal the pollution loading of heavy metals in Dammed Jinshan lake, six heavy metals (As, Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn, Cr) from 18 sediment samples were analyzed using ICP, and the distribution characteristics of heavy metals in the sediment were comprehensively evaluated through concentration coefficient, geo-acumulation indexes, potential ecological risk evaluation and traceability analysis. The results showed that (1) the average contents of As, Pb, Cu, Zn, Cr, Cd were 23.22, 26.20, 24.42, 143.12, 245.30 and 0.67 mg x kg(-1), respectively, in the surface sediments of dammed Jinshan Lake. The average contents of Pb and Cu were lower than the primary standard and secondary standards of soil environmental quality standards. The average contents of Zn and Cr were lower than the primary standard and higher than the secondary standards of soil environmental quality standards. The average contents of As and Cd were higher than the primary and secondary standards of soil environmental quality standards. From the spatial distribution, the contents of Pb and Zn were the highest at sampling site No. 1, which was located at the Beigushan Square. The contents of As,Cu, Cr, Cd were the highest at sampling sites Nos. 12, 3, 14, and 7, respectively; (2) The order of concentration coefficient was As > Cr > Cd > Pb > Zn > Cu, which indicated that the enrichment amount of As was the highest and that of Cu was the lowest; (3) Based on the geo-acumulation indexes, the Cu is clean and Pb, Zn, Cd is the light pollution and As, Cr moderate pollution; (4) The order of Potential ecological risk coefficient was Cd > As > Cr > Pb > Cu > Zn, Cr, Pb, Cu, Zn were of light ecological risk and As, Cd were of medium ecological risk. From the spatial distribution, the sampling sites Nos. 1, 6, 7 and 12 had medium potential ecological risk, and the rest sample points had slight potential ecological risk; (5) The principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that the main reason for the differences of heavy metals in surface sediments of Jinshan lake was the different sediment environmental background value at the 18 samples sites. Besides, the pollution sources in each sampling sites also contributed to the differences in heavy metals; (6) the influence of the dam on the heavy metals distribution was not clear, and requires long-term study. SN - 0250-3301 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25639085/[Heavy_metals_distribution_characteristics_and_ecological_risk_evaluation_in_surface_sediments_of_dammed_Jinshan_lake]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -