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Health-based cyanotoxin guideline values allow for cyanotoxin-based monitoring and efficient public health response to cyanobacterial blooms.
Toxins (Basel). 2015 Feb 05; 7(2):457-77.T

Abstract

Human health risks from cyanobacterial blooms are primarily related to cyanotoxins that some cyanobacteria produce. Not all species of cyanobacteria can produce toxins. Those that do often do not produce toxins at levels harmful to human health. Monitoring programs that use identification of cyanobacteria genus and species and enumeration of cyanobacterial cells as a surrogate for cyanotoxin presence can overestimate risk and lead to unnecessary health advisories. In the absence of federal criteria for cyanotoxins in recreational water, the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) developed guideline values for the four most common cyanotoxins in Oregon's fresh waters (anatoxin-a, cylindrospermopsin, microcystins, and saxitoxins). OHA developed three guideline values for each of the cyanotoxins found in Oregon. Each of the guideline values is for a specific use of cyanobacteria-affected water: drinking water, human recreational exposure and dog recreational exposure. Having cyanotoxin guidelines allows OHA to promote toxin-based monitoring (TBM) programs, which reduce the number of health advisories and focus advisories on times and places where actual, rather than potential, risks to health exist. TBM allows OHA to more efficiently protect public health while reducing burdens on local economies that depend on water recreation-related tourism.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Division, Oregon Health Authority, 800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 640, Portland, OR 97232, USA. david.g.farrer@state.or.us.Public Health Division, Oregon Health Authority, 800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 640, Portland, OR 97232, USA. marina.counter@state.or.us.Public Health Division, Oregon Health Authority, 800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 640, Portland, OR 97232, USA. rebecca.hillwig@state.or.us.Public Health Division, Oregon Health Authority, 800 NE Oregon Street, Suite 640, Portland, OR 97232, USA. curtis.g.cude@state.or.us.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25664510

Citation

Farrer, David, et al. "Health-based Cyanotoxin Guideline Values Allow for Cyanotoxin-based Monitoring and Efficient Public Health Response to Cyanobacterial Blooms." Toxins, vol. 7, no. 2, 2015, pp. 457-77.
Farrer D, Counter M, Hillwig R, et al. Health-based cyanotoxin guideline values allow for cyanotoxin-based monitoring and efficient public health response to cyanobacterial blooms. Toxins (Basel). 2015;7(2):457-77.
Farrer, D., Counter, M., Hillwig, R., & Cude, C. (2015). Health-based cyanotoxin guideline values allow for cyanotoxin-based monitoring and efficient public health response to cyanobacterial blooms. Toxins, 7(2), 457-77. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins7020457
Farrer D, et al. Health-based Cyanotoxin Guideline Values Allow for Cyanotoxin-based Monitoring and Efficient Public Health Response to Cyanobacterial Blooms. Toxins (Basel). 2015 Feb 5;7(2):457-77. PubMed PMID: 25664510.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Health-based cyanotoxin guideline values allow for cyanotoxin-based monitoring and efficient public health response to cyanobacterial blooms. AU - Farrer,David, AU - Counter,Marina, AU - Hillwig,Rebecca, AU - Cude,Curtis, Y1 - 2015/02/05/ PY - 2014/11/26/received PY - 2015/01/28/accepted PY - 2015/2/10/entrez PY - 2015/2/11/pubmed PY - 2015/10/21/medline SP - 457 EP - 77 JF - Toxins JO - Toxins (Basel) VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - Human health risks from cyanobacterial blooms are primarily related to cyanotoxins that some cyanobacteria produce. Not all species of cyanobacteria can produce toxins. Those that do often do not produce toxins at levels harmful to human health. Monitoring programs that use identification of cyanobacteria genus and species and enumeration of cyanobacterial cells as a surrogate for cyanotoxin presence can overestimate risk and lead to unnecessary health advisories. In the absence of federal criteria for cyanotoxins in recreational water, the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) developed guideline values for the four most common cyanotoxins in Oregon's fresh waters (anatoxin-a, cylindrospermopsin, microcystins, and saxitoxins). OHA developed three guideline values for each of the cyanotoxins found in Oregon. Each of the guideline values is for a specific use of cyanobacteria-affected water: drinking water, human recreational exposure and dog recreational exposure. Having cyanotoxin guidelines allows OHA to promote toxin-based monitoring (TBM) programs, which reduce the number of health advisories and focus advisories on times and places where actual, rather than potential, risks to health exist. TBM allows OHA to more efficiently protect public health while reducing burdens on local economies that depend on water recreation-related tourism. SN - 2072-6651 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25664510/Health_based_cyanotoxin_guideline_values_allow_for_cyanotoxin_based_monitoring_and_efficient_public_health_response_to_cyanobacterial_blooms_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=toxins7020457 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -