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Quality of communication in the ICU and surrogate's understanding of prognosis.
Crit Care Med. 2015 Mar; 43(3):542-8.CC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Although misperceptions about prognosis by surrogates in ICUs are common and influence treatment decisions, there is no validated, practical way to measure the effectiveness of prognostic communication. Surrogates' subjective ratings of quality of communication have been used in other domains as markers of effectiveness of communication. We sought to determine whether surrogates' subjective ratings of the quality of prognostic communication predict accurate expectation about prognosis by surrogates.

DESIGN

We performed a cross-sectional cohort study. Surrogates rated the quality of prognostic communication by survey. Physicians and surrogates gave their percentage estimate of patient survival on ICU day 3 on a 0-100 probability scale. We defined discordance about prognosis as a difference in the physician's and surrogate's estimates of greater than or equal to ±20%. We used multilevel logistic regression modeling to account for clustering under physicians and patients and adjust for confounders.

SETTING

Medical-surgical, trauma, cardiac, and neurologic ICUs of five U.S. academic medical centers located in California, Pennsylvania, Washington, North Carolina, and Massachusetts.

PATIENTS

Two hundred seventy-five patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome at high risk of death or severe functional impairment, their 546 surrogate decision makers, and their 150 physicians.

INTERVENTIONS

None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS

There was no predictive utility of surrogates' ratings of the quality of communication about prognosis to identify inaccurate expectations about prognosis (odds ratio, 1.04 ± 0.07; p = 0.54). Surrogates' subjective ratings of the quality of communication about prognosis were high, as assessed with a variety of questions. Discordant prognostic estimates were present in 63.5% (95% CI, 59.0-67.9) of physician-surrogate pairs.

CONCLUSIONS

Although most surrogates rate the quality of prognostic communication high, inaccurate expectations about prognosis are common among surrogates. Surrogates' ratings of the quality of prognostic communication do not reliably predict an accurate expectation about prognosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. 2Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness (CRISMA) Center, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. 3Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. 4Palliative and Supportive Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA. 5Program on Ethics and Decision Making in Critical Illness, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA. 6Center for Bioethics and Health Law, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25687030

Citation

Chiarchiaro, Jared, et al. "Quality of Communication in the ICU and Surrogate's Understanding of Prognosis." Critical Care Medicine, vol. 43, no. 3, 2015, pp. 542-8.
Chiarchiaro J, Buddadhumaruk P, Arnold RM, et al. Quality of communication in the ICU and surrogate's understanding of prognosis. Crit Care Med. 2015;43(3):542-8.
Chiarchiaro, J., Buddadhumaruk, P., Arnold, R. M., & White, D. B. (2015). Quality of communication in the ICU and surrogate's understanding of prognosis. Critical Care Medicine, 43(3), 542-8. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000000719
Chiarchiaro J, et al. Quality of Communication in the ICU and Surrogate's Understanding of Prognosis. Crit Care Med. 2015;43(3):542-8. PubMed PMID: 25687030.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Quality of communication in the ICU and surrogate's understanding of prognosis. AU - Chiarchiaro,Jared, AU - Buddadhumaruk,Praewpannarai, AU - Arnold,Robert M, AU - White,Douglas B, PY - 2015/2/18/entrez PY - 2015/2/18/pubmed PY - 2015/4/22/medline SP - 542 EP - 8 JF - Critical care medicine JO - Crit. Care Med. VL - 43 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Although misperceptions about prognosis by surrogates in ICUs are common and influence treatment decisions, there is no validated, practical way to measure the effectiveness of prognostic communication. Surrogates' subjective ratings of quality of communication have been used in other domains as markers of effectiveness of communication. We sought to determine whether surrogates' subjective ratings of the quality of prognostic communication predict accurate expectation about prognosis by surrogates. DESIGN: We performed a cross-sectional cohort study. Surrogates rated the quality of prognostic communication by survey. Physicians and surrogates gave their percentage estimate of patient survival on ICU day 3 on a 0-100 probability scale. We defined discordance about prognosis as a difference in the physician's and surrogate's estimates of greater than or equal to ±20%. We used multilevel logistic regression modeling to account for clustering under physicians and patients and adjust for confounders. SETTING: Medical-surgical, trauma, cardiac, and neurologic ICUs of five U.S. academic medical centers located in California, Pennsylvania, Washington, North Carolina, and Massachusetts. PATIENTS: Two hundred seventy-five patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome at high risk of death or severe functional impairment, their 546 surrogate decision makers, and their 150 physicians. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: There was no predictive utility of surrogates' ratings of the quality of communication about prognosis to identify inaccurate expectations about prognosis (odds ratio, 1.04 ± 0.07; p = 0.54). Surrogates' subjective ratings of the quality of communication about prognosis were high, as assessed with a variety of questions. Discordant prognostic estimates were present in 63.5% (95% CI, 59.0-67.9) of physician-surrogate pairs. CONCLUSIONS: Although most surrogates rate the quality of prognostic communication high, inaccurate expectations about prognosis are common among surrogates. Surrogates' ratings of the quality of prognostic communication do not reliably predict an accurate expectation about prognosis. SN - 1530-0293 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25687030/Quality_of_communication_in_the_ICU_and_surrogate's_understanding_of_prognosis_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000000719 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -