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Low-lipid diet reduces frequency and severity of acute migraine attacks.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2015; 25(4):370-5NM

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM

There is uncertainty regarding the prevention of migraine crises by changing the lifestyle of patients. The aim of this randomized, crossover intervention trial was to evaluate the effects of a low lipid intake on the incidence and severity of migraine crises, in comparison to a diet with moderate lipid intake.

METHODS AND RESULTS

After a 2-month run-in when patients received preventive medication but were left on their habitual diet, a low-lipid or a normal-lipid diet was randomly prescribed for 3 months and thereafter diets were crossed over for the following 3 months. Headache was diagnosed based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders (IHCD) III criteria. The number and severity of attacks were assessed using a self-reported calendar. Adherence to the diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. An analysis was performed on the 83 episodic or chronic migraineurs (63 female and 20 male), in the age range of 18-57 years, who completed both intervention periods. Obese subjects had a significantly higher number of attacks than those overweight or with normal body weight (24.7 ± 8, 16.3 ± 12, and 15.6 ± 11, respectively, p < 0.03) with a significant relationship between the body mass index (BMI) and the number of monthly attacks (r = 0.238, p < 0.03). The number (2.9 ± 3.7 vs. 6.8 ± 7.5, p < 0.001) and severity (1.2 + 0.9 vs. 1.7 ± 0.9, p < 0.01) of attacks significantly decreased during both intervention periods, with a significant difference in favour of the low-lipid diet.

CONCLUSIONS

In this group of patients, the low-lipid diet significantly affected the number and severity of migraine attacks in comparison to a normal-lipid diet. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT 01917474.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy. Electronic address: ferrara@unina.it.Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Medicine and Surgery, Federico 2nd University of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25698152

Citation

Ferrara, L A., et al. "Low-lipid Diet Reduces Frequency and Severity of Acute Migraine Attacks." Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, vol. 25, no. 4, 2015, pp. 370-5.
Ferrara LA, Pacioni D, Di Fronzo V, et al. Low-lipid diet reduces frequency and severity of acute migraine attacks. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2015;25(4):370-5.
Ferrara, L. A., Pacioni, D., Di Fronzo, V., Russo, B. F., Speranza, E., Carlino, V., ... Ferrara, F. (2015). Low-lipid diet reduces frequency and severity of acute migraine attacks. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 25(4), pp. 370-5. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2014.12.006.
Ferrara LA, et al. Low-lipid Diet Reduces Frequency and Severity of Acute Migraine Attacks. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2015;25(4):370-5. PubMed PMID: 25698152.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low-lipid diet reduces frequency and severity of acute migraine attacks. AU - Ferrara,L A, AU - Pacioni,D, AU - Di Fronzo,V, AU - Russo,B F, AU - Speranza,E, AU - Carlino,V, AU - Gargiulo,F, AU - Ferrara,F, Y1 - 2014/12/27/ PY - 2014/09/11/received PY - 2014/12/17/revised PY - 2014/12/17/accepted PY - 2015/2/21/entrez PY - 2015/2/24/pubmed PY - 2016/1/12/medline KW - Headache KW - Low-lipid diet KW - Moderate dietary fat restriction SP - 370 EP - 5 JF - Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD JO - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIM: There is uncertainty regarding the prevention of migraine crises by changing the lifestyle of patients. The aim of this randomized, crossover intervention trial was to evaluate the effects of a low lipid intake on the incidence and severity of migraine crises, in comparison to a diet with moderate lipid intake. METHODS AND RESULTS: After a 2-month run-in when patients received preventive medication but were left on their habitual diet, a low-lipid or a normal-lipid diet was randomly prescribed for 3 months and thereafter diets were crossed over for the following 3 months. Headache was diagnosed based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders (IHCD) III criteria. The number and severity of attacks were assessed using a self-reported calendar. Adherence to the diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. An analysis was performed on the 83 episodic or chronic migraineurs (63 female and 20 male), in the age range of 18-57 years, who completed both intervention periods. Obese subjects had a significantly higher number of attacks than those overweight or with normal body weight (24.7 ± 8, 16.3 ± 12, and 15.6 ± 11, respectively, p < 0.03) with a significant relationship between the body mass index (BMI) and the number of monthly attacks (r = 0.238, p < 0.03). The number (2.9 ± 3.7 vs. 6.8 ± 7.5, p < 0.001) and severity (1.2 + 0.9 vs. 1.7 ± 0.9, p < 0.01) of attacks significantly decreased during both intervention periods, with a significant difference in favour of the low-lipid diet. CONCLUSIONS: In this group of patients, the low-lipid diet significantly affected the number and severity of migraine attacks in comparison to a normal-lipid diet. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT 01917474. SN - 1590-3729 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25698152/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0939-4753(14)00371-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -