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Impact of self-esteem and personality traits on the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life in adults seeking orthodontic treatment.
Eur J Orthod. 2015 Dec; 37(6):643-50.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to investigate whether an association exists between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and whether this association is moderated by self-esteem (SE) and/or personality traits.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

In this cross-sectional study comprising 189 adults (55 males and 134 females) aged 17 or older (mean age 31.3 years), the OHRQoL was scored by the use of the shortened version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14). The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to evaluate SE, and the Dutch adaptation of the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory was used to assess personality profiles. Need for treatment was defined by the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. Spearman correlations, Mann-Whitney U-tests, and regression models were used to analyse the data.

RESULTS

There is a modest to weak association between treatment need (Dental Health Component and aesthetic component) and OHRQoL as measured by the total OHIP-14 score (ρ = 0.21, P = 0.01216; ρ = 0.18, P = 0.02960, respectively). A significant, yet modest to weak, association between SE and the total OHIP-14 score was found (ρ = -0.34, P = 0.00057). Moreover, significant associations were found for the total OHIP-14 score and neuroticism and extraversion. Significant associations can be found between SE and all personality traits.

CONCLUSIONS

There was a significant association between orthodontic treatment need and OHRQoL. Moreover, a significant association can be found between SE and OHRQoL, as well as certain personality traits and OHRQoL. No evidence was found that SE or personality traits moderate the association between OHRQoL and treatment need.

Authors+Show Affiliations

*Department of Oral Health Sciences - Orthodontics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven & Dentistry, University Hospitals Leuven.**Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Pediatric Haemato-Oncology, UZ Gasthuisberg - Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.***Interuniversity Institute for Biostatistics and Statistical Bioinformatics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and Universiteit Hasselt, Belgium.*Department of Oral Health Sciences - Orthodontics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven & Dentistry, University Hospitals Leuven, guy.willems@med.kuleuven.be.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25700991

Citation

Clijmans, Maïté, et al. "Impact of Self-esteem and Personality Traits On the Association Between Orthodontic Treatment Need and Oral Health-related Quality of Life in Adults Seeking Orthodontic Treatment." European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 37, no. 6, 2015, pp. 643-50.
Clijmans M, Lemiere J, Fieuws S, et al. Impact of self-esteem and personality traits on the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life in adults seeking orthodontic treatment. Eur J Orthod. 2015;37(6):643-50.
Clijmans, M., Lemiere, J., Fieuws, S., & Willems, G. (2015). Impact of self-esteem and personality traits on the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life in adults seeking orthodontic treatment. European Journal of Orthodontics, 37(6), 643-50. https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cju092
Clijmans M, et al. Impact of Self-esteem and Personality Traits On the Association Between Orthodontic Treatment Need and Oral Health-related Quality of Life in Adults Seeking Orthodontic Treatment. Eur J Orthod. 2015;37(6):643-50. PubMed PMID: 25700991.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of self-esteem and personality traits on the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life in adults seeking orthodontic treatment. AU - Clijmans,Maïté, AU - Lemiere,Jurgen, AU - Fieuws,Steffen, AU - Willems,Guy, Y1 - 2015/02/19/ PY - 2015/2/22/entrez PY - 2015/2/24/pubmed PY - 2016/6/29/medline SP - 643 EP - 50 JF - European journal of orthodontics JO - Eur J Orthod VL - 37 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether an association exists between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and whether this association is moderated by self-esteem (SE) and/or personality traits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study comprising 189 adults (55 males and 134 females) aged 17 or older (mean age 31.3 years), the OHRQoL was scored by the use of the shortened version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14). The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to evaluate SE, and the Dutch adaptation of the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory was used to assess personality profiles. Need for treatment was defined by the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. Spearman correlations, Mann-Whitney U-tests, and regression models were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: There is a modest to weak association between treatment need (Dental Health Component and aesthetic component) and OHRQoL as measured by the total OHIP-14 score (ρ = 0.21, P = 0.01216; ρ = 0.18, P = 0.02960, respectively). A significant, yet modest to weak, association between SE and the total OHIP-14 score was found (ρ = -0.34, P = 0.00057). Moreover, significant associations were found for the total OHIP-14 score and neuroticism and extraversion. Significant associations can be found between SE and all personality traits. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant association between orthodontic treatment need and OHRQoL. Moreover, a significant association can be found between SE and OHRQoL, as well as certain personality traits and OHRQoL. No evidence was found that SE or personality traits moderate the association between OHRQoL and treatment need. SN - 1460-2210 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25700991/Impact_of_self_esteem_and_personality_traits_on_the_association_between_orthodontic_treatment_need_and_oral_health_related_quality_of_life_in_adults_seeking_orthodontic_treatment_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ejo/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ejo/cju092 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -