Hormonal regulation and the effects of glucose on tyrosine aminotransferase activity in adult rat hepatocytes cultured on floating collagen membranes.Cancer Res. 1978 Jun; 38(6):1550-5.CR
Adult rat parenchymal hepatocytes can be maintained in primary culture on floating collagen membranes of prolonged periods of time. In this system the enzyme tyrosine aminotransferase is induced by glucagon, (10(-6) to 10(-8) M) hydrocortisone (10(-5) to 10(-8) M), and cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cAMP) (10(-4) to 10(-5) M). Epinephrine (10(-4) M) induces the enzyme only in the presence of hydrocortisone. Addition of actinomycin D inhibited the induction of tyrosine aminotransferase by hydrocortisone and cAMP. Maintenance of the cultured hepatocytes in the presence of glucose (3g/liter) results in partial suppression of the inducing effects of glucagon and cAMP. Cyclic quanosine 3':5'-monophosphate does not mimic the effects of glucose. These results demonstrate that the phenomenon of glucose repression of enzyme induction, demonstrated in vivo in mammalian liver, is independent of changes in levels of serum hormones, which occur in vivo as a result of glucose administration. This study also demonstrates that glucose repression is not mediated by changes in intracellular levels of cAMP and cyclic quanosine 3':5'-monophosphate.