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Investigation of lifestyle choices of individuals following a vegan diet for health and ethical reasons.
Appetite. 2015 Jul; 90:31-6.A

Abstract

The proportion of individuals choosing to follow a vegan diet has increased in recent years. The choice is made for different reasons, primarily concern for animals (ethics) and health, which may impact both specific food choices and other lifestyle behaviors linked to health outcomes. To determine the extent to which the reason for following a vegan diet was associated with health behaviors, we conducted an online survey recruiting an international sample of 246 individuals who reported adhering to a vegan diet. We hypothesized that compared to those following the diet for ethical reasons, those doing so for health reasons would consume foods with higher nutritional value and engage in other healthier lifestyle behaviors. Our hypotheses were partially supported in that those citing health reasons (n = 45) reported eating more fruit (U = 3503.00, p = 0.02) and fewer sweets (U = 3347.00, p <0.01) than did those citing ethical reasons (n = 201). Individuals endorsing ethical reasons reported being on the diet longer (U = 3137.00, p <0.01), and more frequent consumption of soy (U = 2936.00, p <0.01), foods rich in vitamin D (U = 3441.00, p = 0.01), high-polyphenol beverages (U = 3124.50, p <0.01), and vitamin supplements (vitamin D: χ(2)=4.65, p = 0.04; vitamin B12: χ(2)=4.46, p = 0.03) than did those endorsing health reasons. As these factors may affect outcome in studies investigating the impact of vegan diets on health, they should be taken into account when studying persons following a vegan diet.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, Fairleigh Dickinson University, 1000 River Rd., Teaneck, NJ 07666, USA. Electronic address: radnitz@fdu.edu.Department of Nutrition, Benedictine University, 5200 College Drive, Lisle, IL 60532, USA.School of Psychology, Fairleigh Dickinson University, 1000 River Rd., Teaneck, NJ 07666, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25725486

Citation

Radnitz, Cynthia, et al. "Investigation of Lifestyle Choices of Individuals Following a Vegan Diet for Health and Ethical Reasons." Appetite, vol. 90, 2015, pp. 31-6.
Radnitz C, Beezhold B, DiMatteo J. Investigation of lifestyle choices of individuals following a vegan diet for health and ethical reasons. Appetite. 2015;90:31-6.
Radnitz, C., Beezhold, B., & DiMatteo, J. (2015). Investigation of lifestyle choices of individuals following a vegan diet for health and ethical reasons. Appetite, 90, 31-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.02.026
Radnitz C, Beezhold B, DiMatteo J. Investigation of Lifestyle Choices of Individuals Following a Vegan Diet for Health and Ethical Reasons. Appetite. 2015;90:31-6. PubMed PMID: 25725486.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of lifestyle choices of individuals following a vegan diet for health and ethical reasons. AU - Radnitz,Cynthia, AU - Beezhold,Bonnie, AU - DiMatteo,Julie, Y1 - 2015/02/25/ PY - 2014/12/30/received PY - 2015/02/19/accepted PY - 2015/3/1/entrez PY - 2015/3/1/pubmed PY - 2016/1/28/medline KW - Ethical vegan KW - Health behaviors KW - Health vegan KW - Nutrition KW - Vegan KW - Vegetarian SP - 31 EP - 6 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 90 N2 - The proportion of individuals choosing to follow a vegan diet has increased in recent years. The choice is made for different reasons, primarily concern for animals (ethics) and health, which may impact both specific food choices and other lifestyle behaviors linked to health outcomes. To determine the extent to which the reason for following a vegan diet was associated with health behaviors, we conducted an online survey recruiting an international sample of 246 individuals who reported adhering to a vegan diet. We hypothesized that compared to those following the diet for ethical reasons, those doing so for health reasons would consume foods with higher nutritional value and engage in other healthier lifestyle behaviors. Our hypotheses were partially supported in that those citing health reasons (n = 45) reported eating more fruit (U = 3503.00, p = 0.02) and fewer sweets (U = 3347.00, p <0.01) than did those citing ethical reasons (n = 201). Individuals endorsing ethical reasons reported being on the diet longer (U = 3137.00, p <0.01), and more frequent consumption of soy (U = 2936.00, p <0.01), foods rich in vitamin D (U = 3441.00, p = 0.01), high-polyphenol beverages (U = 3124.50, p <0.01), and vitamin supplements (vitamin D: χ(2)=4.65, p = 0.04; vitamin B12: χ(2)=4.46, p = 0.03) than did those endorsing health reasons. As these factors may affect outcome in studies investigating the impact of vegan diets on health, they should be taken into account when studying persons following a vegan diet. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25725486/Investigation_of_lifestyle_choices_of_individuals_following_a_vegan_diet_for_health_and_ethical_reasons_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(15)00073-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -