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Differential impact of combat on postdeployment symptoms in female and male veterans of iraq and afghanistan.
Mil Med. 2015 Mar; 180(3):296-303.MM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We aimed to describe differences in combat experience for male and female veterans and characterize differential effects on postdeployment physical and mental health symptoms, including aggression.

METHODS

Retrospective cross-sectional health screening data from 554 Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans who enrolled for Veterans Affairs health care in San Diego were examined including measures of combat experience, pain intensity, traumatic brain injury symptoms, military sexual trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, alcohol use, and aggression.

RESULTS

Although male veterans (n = 458) experienced significantly higher rates of combat than female veterans (n = 96), both experienced similar levels of postdeployment post-traumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms as well self-reported aggressive behavior compared to male veterans. Female veterans had higher rates of military sexual trauma and lower alcohol consumption than male veterans.

CONCLUSIONS

All Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans returning from deployment may benefit from broad-based screening of physical and mental health symptoms, beyond those currently mandated by Veterans Affairs, including anger and aggression.

Authors+Show Affiliations

VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.VA Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health and VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, MC116A, San Diego, CA 92161.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25735020

Citation

Afari, Niloofar, et al. "Differential Impact of Combat On Postdeployment Symptoms in Female and Male Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan." Military Medicine, vol. 180, no. 3, 2015, pp. 296-303.
Afari N, Pittman J, Floto E, et al. Differential impact of combat on postdeployment symptoms in female and male veterans of iraq and afghanistan. Mil Med. 2015;180(3):296-303.
Afari, N., Pittman, J., Floto, E., Owen, L., Buttner, M., Hossain, N., Baker, D. G., Lindamer, L., & Lohr, J. B. (2015). Differential impact of combat on postdeployment symptoms in female and male veterans of iraq and afghanistan. Military Medicine, 180(3), 296-303. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00255
Afari N, et al. Differential Impact of Combat On Postdeployment Symptoms in Female and Male Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan. Mil Med. 2015;180(3):296-303. PubMed PMID: 25735020.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differential impact of combat on postdeployment symptoms in female and male veterans of iraq and afghanistan. AU - Afari,Niloofar, AU - Pittman,James, AU - Floto,Elizabeth, AU - Owen,Laura, AU - Buttner,Melissa, AU - Hossain,Nazia, AU - Baker,Dewleen G, AU - Lindamer,Laurie, AU - Lohr,James B, PY - 2015/3/4/entrez PY - 2015/3/4/pubmed PY - 2016/11/9/medline SP - 296 EP - 303 JF - Military medicine JO - Mil Med VL - 180 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe differences in combat experience for male and female veterans and characterize differential effects on postdeployment physical and mental health symptoms, including aggression. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional health screening data from 554 Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans who enrolled for Veterans Affairs health care in San Diego were examined including measures of combat experience, pain intensity, traumatic brain injury symptoms, military sexual trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, alcohol use, and aggression. RESULTS: Although male veterans (n = 458) experienced significantly higher rates of combat than female veterans (n = 96), both experienced similar levels of postdeployment post-traumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms as well self-reported aggressive behavior compared to male veterans. Female veterans had higher rates of military sexual trauma and lower alcohol consumption than male veterans. CONCLUSIONS: All Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans returning from deployment may benefit from broad-based screening of physical and mental health symptoms, beyond those currently mandated by Veterans Affairs, including anger and aggression. SN - 1930-613X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25735020/Differential_impact_of_combat_on_postdeployment_symptoms_in_female_and_male_veterans_of_iraq_and_afghanistan_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/milmed/article-lookup/doi/10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00255 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -