[Surgical treatment of rectourinary fistulas: review of the literature].Urologia. 2015 Jan-Mar; 82(1):30-5.U
A rectourethral fistula (RUF) is an uncommon complication resulting from surgery, radiation, or trauma. Retrospective studies and case reports have highlighted different approaches for surgical repair.
The aim of this study was to review our experience with surgical management of RUF.
MEDLINE (PubMed, Ovid) and the Cochrane Library were searched by using the terms RUFs urethrorectal fistulas, and prostatourethral-rectal fistulas.
All studies were retrospective and in English. Of the records identified, 31 series were included.
Four hundred sixty-five patients were identified. Most patients underwent one of four categories of repair: transanal (4.7%), transabdominal (14.1%), transsphincteric (26.6%), and transperineal (57.6%). Tissue interposition flaps, predominantly gracilis muscle, were used in 56% of repairs. The fistula was successfully closed in 93.9% of patients.
Regardless of complexity, RUFs have an initial closure rate of 93.9%.