Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Walnuts (Juglans regia) Chemical Composition and Research in Human Health.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016 Jun 10; 56(8):1231-41.CR

Abstract

Walnuts are among the most widely consumed commercially grown tree nuts in the world. Many health benefits have been claimed for the consumption of these, including reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, type II diabetes treatment, and prevention and treatment of certain cancers, and the lessening of symptoms attributed to age-related and other neurological disorders. The health-promoting benefits of walnut consumption are ascribed to its fatty acid profile, which is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids with a particularly high ω3:ω6 ratio-the highest among all the tree nuts. The content of polyphenols and other phytochemicals in walnuts, with their claimed cytotoxic properties, also make them an attractive candidate for research for the prevention of free radical-induced nucleic acid damage. Research of walnut consumption in humans and animals employing a range of data sets and statistical methods suggest that walnuts may be considered a safe potential nutraceutical or possibly pharmaceutical substance. Nevertheless, few reviews of scientific research on the proposed benefits of these nuts exist, in spite of the numerous claims attributed to them in the lay media. This brief review article attempts to disseminate much of the information surrounding walnut consumption, and human health benefits, to other scientists and the interested general reader.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a School of Pharmacy, La Trobe University , Victoria , Australia.a School of Pharmacy, La Trobe University , Victoria , Australia.a School of Pharmacy, La Trobe University , Victoria , Australia.a School of Pharmacy, La Trobe University , Victoria , Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25747270

Citation

Hayes, David, et al. "Walnuts (Juglans Regia) Chemical Composition and Research in Human Health." Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 8, 2016, pp. 1231-41.
Hayes D, Angove MJ, Tucci J, et al. Walnuts (Juglans regia) Chemical Composition and Research in Human Health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016;56(8):1231-41.
Hayes, D., Angove, M. J., Tucci, J., & Dennis, C. (2016). Walnuts (Juglans regia) Chemical Composition and Research in Human Health. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56(8), 1231-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2012.760516
Hayes D, et al. Walnuts (Juglans Regia) Chemical Composition and Research in Human Health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016 Jun 10;56(8):1231-41. PubMed PMID: 25747270.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Walnuts (Juglans regia) Chemical Composition and Research in Human Health. AU - Hayes,David, AU - Angove,Michael J, AU - Tucci,Joe, AU - Dennis,Christina, PY - 2015/3/10/entrez PY - 2015/3/10/pubmed PY - 2017/1/28/medline KW - Walnuts KW - anti-carcinogenic KW - carcinolysis KW - cardiovascular disease KW - cytotoxic KW - diabetes KW - fatty acids KW - neurological KW - phytochemicals SP - 1231 EP - 41 JF - Critical reviews in food science and nutrition JO - Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr VL - 56 IS - 8 N2 - Walnuts are among the most widely consumed commercially grown tree nuts in the world. Many health benefits have been claimed for the consumption of these, including reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, type II diabetes treatment, and prevention and treatment of certain cancers, and the lessening of symptoms attributed to age-related and other neurological disorders. The health-promoting benefits of walnut consumption are ascribed to its fatty acid profile, which is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids with a particularly high ω3:ω6 ratio-the highest among all the tree nuts. The content of polyphenols and other phytochemicals in walnuts, with their claimed cytotoxic properties, also make them an attractive candidate for research for the prevention of free radical-induced nucleic acid damage. Research of walnut consumption in humans and animals employing a range of data sets and statistical methods suggest that walnuts may be considered a safe potential nutraceutical or possibly pharmaceutical substance. Nevertheless, few reviews of scientific research on the proposed benefits of these nuts exist, in spite of the numerous claims attributed to them in the lay media. This brief review article attempts to disseminate much of the information surrounding walnut consumption, and human health benefits, to other scientists and the interested general reader. SN - 1549-7852 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25747270/Walnuts_(Juglans_regia)_Chemical_Composition_and_Research_in_Human_Health L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10408398.2012.760516 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -