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Association of coffee intake with total and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese population: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study.
Am J Clin Nutr 2015; 101(5):1029-37AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Despite the rising consumption of coffee worldwide, few prospective cohort studies assessed the association of coffee intake with mortality including total and major causes of death.

OBJECTIVE

We aimed to investigate the association between habitual coffee drinking and mortality from all causes, cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, injuries, and other causes of death in a large-scale, population-based cohort study in Japan.

DESIGN

We studied 90,914 Japanese persons aged between 40 and 69 y without a history of cancer, cerebrovascular disease, or ischemic heart disease at the time of the baseline study. Subjects were followed up for an average of 18.7 y, during which 12,874 total deaths were reported. The association between coffee intake and risk of total and cause-specific mortality was assessed by using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with adjustment for potential confounders.

RESULTS

We showed an inverse association between coffee intake and total mortality in both men and women. HRs (95% CIs) for total death in subjects who consumed coffee compared with those who never drank coffee were 0.91 (0.86-0.95) for <1 cup/d, 0.85 (0.81-0.90) for 1-2 cups/d, 0.76 (0.70-0.83) for 3-4 cups/d, and 0.85 (0.75-0.98) for >5 cups/d (P-trend < 0.001). Coffee was inversely associated with mortality from heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and respiratory disease.

CONCLUSION

With this prospective study, we suggest that the habitual intake of coffee is associated with lower risk of total mortality and 3 leading causes of death in Japan.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).From the Epidemiology and Prevention Group, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan (ES, M Inoue, NS, TS, TY, M Iwasaki, SS, and ST); the Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (ES and M Inoue); the Department of Diabetes Research, Diabetes Research Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (MN); and Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka-fu, Japan (HI).

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25762807

Citation

Saito, Eiko, et al. "Association of Coffee Intake With Total and Cause-specific Mortality in a Japanese Population: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 101, no. 5, 2015, pp. 1029-37.
Saito E, Inoue M, Sawada N, et al. Association of coffee intake with total and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese population: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;101(5):1029-37.
Saito, E., Inoue, M., Sawada, N., Shimazu, T., Yamaji, T., Iwasaki, M., ... Tsugane, S. (2015). Association of coffee intake with total and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese population: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 101(5), pp. 1029-37. doi:10.3945/ajcn.114.104273.
Saito E, et al. Association of Coffee Intake With Total and Cause-specific Mortality in a Japanese Population: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;101(5):1029-37. PubMed PMID: 25762807.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of coffee intake with total and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese population: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study. AU - Saito,Eiko, AU - Inoue,Manami, AU - Sawada,Norie, AU - Shimazu,Taichi, AU - Yamaji,Taiki, AU - Iwasaki,Motoki, AU - Sasazuki,Shizuka, AU - Noda,Mitsuhiko, AU - Iso,Hiroyasu, AU - Tsugane,Shoichiro, Y1 - 2015/03/11/ PY - 2014/11/26/received PY - 2015/02/18/accepted PY - 2015/3/13/entrez PY - 2015/3/13/pubmed PY - 2015/7/29/medline KW - cardiovascular diseases/mortality KW - coffee KW - follow-up studies KW - neoplasms/mortality KW - respiratory diseases/mortality SP - 1029 EP - 37 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 101 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Despite the rising consumption of coffee worldwide, few prospective cohort studies assessed the association of coffee intake with mortality including total and major causes of death. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the association between habitual coffee drinking and mortality from all causes, cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, injuries, and other causes of death in a large-scale, population-based cohort study in Japan. DESIGN: We studied 90,914 Japanese persons aged between 40 and 69 y without a history of cancer, cerebrovascular disease, or ischemic heart disease at the time of the baseline study. Subjects were followed up for an average of 18.7 y, during which 12,874 total deaths were reported. The association between coffee intake and risk of total and cause-specific mortality was assessed by using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: We showed an inverse association between coffee intake and total mortality in both men and women. HRs (95% CIs) for total death in subjects who consumed coffee compared with those who never drank coffee were 0.91 (0.86-0.95) for <1 cup/d, 0.85 (0.81-0.90) for 1-2 cups/d, 0.76 (0.70-0.83) for 3-4 cups/d, and 0.85 (0.75-0.98) for >5 cups/d (P-trend < 0.001). Coffee was inversely associated with mortality from heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and respiratory disease. CONCLUSION: With this prospective study, we suggest that the habitual intake of coffee is associated with lower risk of total mortality and 3 leading causes of death in Japan. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25762807/Association_of_coffee_intake_with_total_and_cause_specific_mortality_in_a_Japanese_population:_the_Japan_Public_Health_Center_based_Prospective_Study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/ajcn.114.104273 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -