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Conspiracy theory and cognitive style: a worldview.
Front Psychol 2015; 6:206FP

Abstract

This paper assessed whether belief in conspiracy theories was associated with a particularly cognitive style (worldview). The sample comprised 223 volunteers recruited via convenience sampling and included undergraduates, postgraduates, university employees, and alumni. Respondents completed measures assessing a range of cognitive-perceptual factors (schizotypy, delusional ideation, and hallucination proneness) and conspiratorial beliefs (general attitudes toward conspiracist thinking and endorsement of individual conspiracies). Positive symptoms of schizotypy, particularly the cognitive-perceptual factor, correlated positively with conspiracist beliefs. The best predictor of belief in conspiracies was delusional ideation. Consistent with the notion of a coherent conspiratorial mindset, scores across conspiracy measures correlated strongly. Whilst findings supported the view that belief in conspiracies, within the sub-clinical population, was associated with a delusional thinking style, cognitive-perceptual factors in combination accounted for only 32% of the variance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester UK.Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester UK.Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester UK.Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester UK.Department of Psychology, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25762969

Citation

Dagnall, Neil, et al. "Conspiracy Theory and Cognitive Style: a Worldview." Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 6, 2015, p. 206.
Dagnall N, Drinkwater K, Parker A, et al. Conspiracy theory and cognitive style: a worldview. Front Psychol. 2015;6:206.
Dagnall, N., Drinkwater, K., Parker, A., Denovan, A., & Parton, M. (2015). Conspiracy theory and cognitive style: a worldview. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, p. 206. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00206.
Dagnall N, et al. Conspiracy Theory and Cognitive Style: a Worldview. Front Psychol. 2015;6:206. PubMed PMID: 25762969.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Conspiracy theory and cognitive style: a worldview. AU - Dagnall,Neil, AU - Drinkwater,Kenneth, AU - Parker,Andrew, AU - Denovan,Andrew, AU - Parton,Megan, Y1 - 2015/02/25/ PY - 2014/11/28/received PY - 2015/02/10/accepted PY - 2015/3/13/entrez PY - 2015/3/13/pubmed PY - 2015/3/13/medline KW - cognitive style KW - conspiracist belief KW - delusional ideation KW - schizotypy KW - worldview SP - 206 EP - 206 JF - Frontiers in psychology JO - Front Psychol VL - 6 N2 - This paper assessed whether belief in conspiracy theories was associated with a particularly cognitive style (worldview). The sample comprised 223 volunteers recruited via convenience sampling and included undergraduates, postgraduates, university employees, and alumni. Respondents completed measures assessing a range of cognitive-perceptual factors (schizotypy, delusional ideation, and hallucination proneness) and conspiratorial beliefs (general attitudes toward conspiracist thinking and endorsement of individual conspiracies). Positive symptoms of schizotypy, particularly the cognitive-perceptual factor, correlated positively with conspiracist beliefs. The best predictor of belief in conspiracies was delusional ideation. Consistent with the notion of a coherent conspiratorial mindset, scores across conspiracy measures correlated strongly. Whilst findings supported the view that belief in conspiracies, within the sub-clinical population, was associated with a delusional thinking style, cognitive-perceptual factors in combination accounted for only 32% of the variance. SN - 1664-1078 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25762969/Conspiracy_theory_and_cognitive_style:_a_worldview_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00206 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -