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SARS hCoV papain-like protease is a unique Lys48 linkage-specific di-distributive deubiquitinating enzyme.
Biochem J. 2015 Jun 01; 468(2):215-26.BJ

Abstract

Ubiquitin (Ub) and the Ub-like (Ubl) modifier interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) participate in the host defence of viral infections. Viruses, including the severe acute respiratory syndrome human coronavirus (SARS hCoV), have co-opted Ub-ISG15 conjugation pathways for their own advantage or have evolved effector proteins to counter pro-inflammatory properties of Ub-ISG15-conjugated host proteins. In the present study, we compare substrate specificities of the papain-like protease (PLpro) from the recently emerged Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) hCoV to the related protease from SARS, SARS PLpro. Through biochemical assays, we show that, similar to SARS PLpro, MERS PLpro is both a deubiquitinating (DUB) and a deISGylating enzyme. Further analysis of the intrinsic DUB activity of these viral proteases revealed unique differences between the recognition and cleavage specificities of polyUb chains. First, MERS PLpro shows broad linkage specificity for the cleavage of polyUb chains, whereas SARS PLpro prefers to cleave Lys48-linked polyUb chains. Secondly, MERS PLpro cleaves polyUb chains in a 'mono-distributive' manner (one Ub at a time) and SARS PLpro prefers to cleave Lys48-linked polyUb chains by sensing a di-Ub moiety as a minimal recognition element using a 'di-distributive' cleavage mechanism. The di-distributive cleavage mechanism for SARS PLpro appears to be uncommon among USP (Ub-specific protease)-family DUBs, as related USP family members from humans do not display such a mechanism. We propose that these intrinsic enzymatic differences between SARS and MERS PLpro will help to identify pro-inflammatory substrates of these viral DUBs and can guide in the design of therapeutics to combat infection by coronaviruses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

*Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, U.S.A.†Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, Wroclaw 50-370, Poland.†Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, Wroclaw 50-370, Poland.‡Division of Cell Biology, Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.‡Division of Cell Biology, Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.†Division of Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, Wroclaw 50-370, Poland.§Structural Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY 10065, U.S.A.*Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, U.S.A.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25764917

Citation

Békés, Miklós, et al. "SARS hCoV Papain-like Protease Is a Unique Lys48 Linkage-specific Di-distributive Deubiquitinating Enzyme." The Biochemical Journal, vol. 468, no. 2, 2015, pp. 215-26.
Békés M, Rut W, Kasperkiewicz P, et al. SARS hCoV papain-like protease is a unique Lys48 linkage-specific di-distributive deubiquitinating enzyme. Biochem J. 2015;468(2):215-26.
Békés, M., Rut, W., Kasperkiewicz, P., Mulder, M. P., Ovaa, H., Drag, M., Lima, C. D., & Huang, T. T. (2015). SARS hCoV papain-like protease is a unique Lys48 linkage-specific di-distributive deubiquitinating enzyme. The Biochemical Journal, 468(2), 215-26. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20141170
Békés M, et al. SARS hCoV Papain-like Protease Is a Unique Lys48 Linkage-specific Di-distributive Deubiquitinating Enzyme. Biochem J. 2015 Jun 1;468(2):215-26. PubMed PMID: 25764917.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - SARS hCoV papain-like protease is a unique Lys48 linkage-specific di-distributive deubiquitinating enzyme. AU - Békés,Miklós, AU - Rut,Wioletta, AU - Kasperkiewicz,Paulina, AU - Mulder,Monique P C, AU - Ovaa,Huib, AU - Drag,Marcin, AU - Lima,Christopher D, AU - Huang,Tony T, PY - 2015/3/14/entrez PY - 2015/3/15/pubmed PY - 2015/8/5/medline SP - 215 EP - 26 JF - The Biochemical journal JO - Biochem. J. VL - 468 IS - 2 N2 - Ubiquitin (Ub) and the Ub-like (Ubl) modifier interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) participate in the host defence of viral infections. Viruses, including the severe acute respiratory syndrome human coronavirus (SARS hCoV), have co-opted Ub-ISG15 conjugation pathways for their own advantage or have evolved effector proteins to counter pro-inflammatory properties of Ub-ISG15-conjugated host proteins. In the present study, we compare substrate specificities of the papain-like protease (PLpro) from the recently emerged Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) hCoV to the related protease from SARS, SARS PLpro. Through biochemical assays, we show that, similar to SARS PLpro, MERS PLpro is both a deubiquitinating (DUB) and a deISGylating enzyme. Further analysis of the intrinsic DUB activity of these viral proteases revealed unique differences between the recognition and cleavage specificities of polyUb chains. First, MERS PLpro shows broad linkage specificity for the cleavage of polyUb chains, whereas SARS PLpro prefers to cleave Lys48-linked polyUb chains. Secondly, MERS PLpro cleaves polyUb chains in a 'mono-distributive' manner (one Ub at a time) and SARS PLpro prefers to cleave Lys48-linked polyUb chains by sensing a di-Ub moiety as a minimal recognition element using a 'di-distributive' cleavage mechanism. The di-distributive cleavage mechanism for SARS PLpro appears to be uncommon among USP (Ub-specific protease)-family DUBs, as related USP family members from humans do not display such a mechanism. We propose that these intrinsic enzymatic differences between SARS and MERS PLpro will help to identify pro-inflammatory substrates of these viral DUBs and can guide in the design of therapeutics to combat infection by coronaviruses. SN - 1470-8728 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25764917/SARS_hCoV_papain_like_protease_is_a_unique_Lys48_linkage_specific_di_distributive_deubiquitinating_enzyme_ L2 - https://portlandpress.com/biochemj/article-lookup/doi/10.1042/BJ20141170 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -