[Somatostatin in the emergency treatment of upper digestive hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension].Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam. 1989; 19(3):139-46.AG
During a 2-yr period 15 patients (17 episodes) with variceal bleeding (VB) and 7 with cirrhosis and acute gastroduodenal haemorrhage (GDH) received intravenous somatostatin (250 mcg per hr after a bolus of 250 mcg). Initial control of bleeding was achieved in 13 (76%) with VB and in all with GDH. Three of the 4 patients with VB and 2 with GDH who rebled during treatment were controlled increasing the infusion to 500 mcg/hr. Patients with VB received somatostatin for 24 hrs, time selected for initiating injection sclerotherapy, and those with GDH for 48-72 hrs. At 24 hrs 71% of patients with VB and all with GDH were free of bleeding. Combining different therapies VB was controlled in 16 of the 17 episodes (94%) with only one death. No complications were observed in any of the 22 patients treated.