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Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members.
Br J Dev Psychol. 2015 Sep; 33(3):277-94.BJ

Abstract

When will children decide to help outgroup peers? We examined how intergroup competition, social perspective taking (SPT), and empathy influence children's (5-10 years, N = 287) prosocial intentions towards outgroup members. Study 1 showed that, in a minimal group situation, prosociality was lower in an intergroup competitive than in a non-competitive or interpersonal context. Study 2 revealed that, in a real groups situation involving intergroup competition, prosociality was associated with higher empathy and lower competitive motivation. In a subsequent non-competitive context, there were age differences in the impact of SPT and competitive motivation. With age, relationships strengthened between SPT and prosociality (positively) and between competitiveness and prosociality (negatively). Among older children, there was a carry-over effect whereby feelings of intergroup competitiveness aroused by the intergroup competitive context suppressed outgroup prosociality in the following non-competitive context. Theoretical and practical implications for improving children's intergroup relationships are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.California Baptist University, Riverside, California, USA.University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25773274

Citation

Abrams, Dominic, et al. "Children's Prosocial Behavioural Intentions Towards Outgroup Members." The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 33, no. 3, 2015, pp. 277-94.
Abrams D, Van de Vyver J, Pelletier J, et al. Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members. Br J Dev Psychol. 2015;33(3):277-94.
Abrams, D., Van de Vyver, J., Pelletier, J., & Cameron, L. (2015). Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members. The British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33(3), 277-94. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12085
Abrams D, et al. Children's Prosocial Behavioural Intentions Towards Outgroup Members. Br J Dev Psychol. 2015;33(3):277-94. PubMed PMID: 25773274.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Children's prosocial behavioural intentions towards outgroup members. AU - Abrams,Dominic, AU - Van de Vyver,Julie, AU - Pelletier,Joseph, AU - Cameron,Lindsey, Y1 - 2015/03/16/ PY - 2014/11/21/received PY - 2015/02/10/revised PY - 2015/3/17/entrez PY - 2015/3/17/pubmed PY - 2016/5/10/medline KW - competition KW - empathy KW - intergroup KW - perspective taking KW - prosociality SP - 277 EP - 94 JF - The British journal of developmental psychology JO - Br J Dev Psychol VL - 33 IS - 3 N2 - When will children decide to help outgroup peers? We examined how intergroup competition, social perspective taking (SPT), and empathy influence children's (5-10 years, N = 287) prosocial intentions towards outgroup members. Study 1 showed that, in a minimal group situation, prosociality was lower in an intergroup competitive than in a non-competitive or interpersonal context. Study 2 revealed that, in a real groups situation involving intergroup competition, prosociality was associated with higher empathy and lower competitive motivation. In a subsequent non-competitive context, there were age differences in the impact of SPT and competitive motivation. With age, relationships strengthened between SPT and prosociality (positively) and between competitiveness and prosociality (negatively). Among older children, there was a carry-over effect whereby feelings of intergroup competitiveness aroused by the intergroup competitive context suppressed outgroup prosociality in the following non-competitive context. Theoretical and practical implications for improving children's intergroup relationships are discussed. SN - 2044-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25773274/Children's_prosocial_behavioural_intentions_towards_outgroup_members_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12085 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -