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Novel strategies in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Minerva Endocrinol. 2015 Sep; 40(3):195-212.ME

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy affecting reproductive-aged women. PCOS has been recognized as a syndrome combining reproductive and metabolic abnormalities with lifelong health implications. Cardiometabolic alterations require regular screening and effective and targeted lifestyle advice to lose weight as well as to prevent weight gain. Pharmacological therapy includes insulin-sensitizer drugs and agents that act directly on metabolic comorbidities, such as statins and antiobesity drugs. Bariatric surgery may be an option for severely obese women with PCOS Regarding reproductive aspects, ovulation induction with antiestrogens such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole is the first-line medical treatment. Exogenous gonadotropins and in vitro fertilization (IVF) are recommended as second-line treatment for anovulatory infertility. Laparoscopic ovarian diathermy may be used in special cases and metformin is no longer recommended for ovulation induction. Combined oral contraceptives (OCs) are the first-line treatment for the management of menstrual irregularities in women not seeking pregnancy, also providing endometrial protection and contraception. Progestin-only pills or cyclical progestins are recommended for those with contraindications to OCs. Metformin is also considered a second-line choice for improving menstrual cycles in women presenting insulin-resistance and dysglicemia. Hirsutism requires cosmetic procedures and medical treatment with OCs. More severe cases may need anti-androgen drugs added to the OCs. In conclusion, strategies regarding the management of reproductive issues in PCOS encompass a tailored approach to individual needs of each patient.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gynecological Endocrinology Unit, Division of Endocrinology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and Department of Physiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil - e.diamanti.kandarakis@gmail.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25781065

Citation

Spritzer, P M., et al. "Novel Strategies in the Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome." Minerva Endocrinologica, vol. 40, no. 3, 2015, pp. 195-212.
Spritzer PM, Motta AB, Sir-Petermann T, et al. Novel strategies in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome. Minerva Endocrinol. 2015;40(3):195-212.
Spritzer, P. M., Motta, A. B., Sir-Petermann, T., & Diamanti-Kandarakis, E. (2015). Novel strategies in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome. Minerva Endocrinologica, 40(3), 195-212.
Spritzer PM, et al. Novel Strategies in the Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Minerva Endocrinol. 2015;40(3):195-212. PubMed PMID: 25781065.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Novel strategies in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome. AU - Spritzer,P M, AU - Motta,A B, AU - Sir-Petermann,T, AU - Diamanti-Kandarakis,E, Y1 - 2015/03/17/ PY - 2015/3/18/entrez PY - 2015/3/18/pubmed PY - 2016/10/11/medline SP - 195 EP - 212 JF - Minerva endocrinologica JO - Minerva Endocrinol VL - 40 IS - 3 N2 - Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy affecting reproductive-aged women. PCOS has been recognized as a syndrome combining reproductive and metabolic abnormalities with lifelong health implications. Cardiometabolic alterations require regular screening and effective and targeted lifestyle advice to lose weight as well as to prevent weight gain. Pharmacological therapy includes insulin-sensitizer drugs and agents that act directly on metabolic comorbidities, such as statins and antiobesity drugs. Bariatric surgery may be an option for severely obese women with PCOS Regarding reproductive aspects, ovulation induction with antiestrogens such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole is the first-line medical treatment. Exogenous gonadotropins and in vitro fertilization (IVF) are recommended as second-line treatment for anovulatory infertility. Laparoscopic ovarian diathermy may be used in special cases and metformin is no longer recommended for ovulation induction. Combined oral contraceptives (OCs) are the first-line treatment for the management of menstrual irregularities in women not seeking pregnancy, also providing endometrial protection and contraception. Progestin-only pills or cyclical progestins are recommended for those with contraindications to OCs. Metformin is also considered a second-line choice for improving menstrual cycles in women presenting insulin-resistance and dysglicemia. Hirsutism requires cosmetic procedures and medical treatment with OCs. More severe cases may need anti-androgen drugs added to the OCs. In conclusion, strategies regarding the management of reproductive issues in PCOS encompass a tailored approach to individual needs of each patient. SN - 1827-1634 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25781065/Novel_strategies_in_the_management_of_polycystic_ovary_syndrome_ L2 - http://www.minervamedica.it/index2.t?show=R07Y2015N03A0195 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -