Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Similar striatal D2/D3 dopamine receptor availability in adults with Tourette syndrome compared with healthy controls: A [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride positron emission tomography imaging study.
Hum Brain Mapp. 2015 Jul; 36(7):2592-601.HB

Abstract

Pharmacological and anatomical evidence implicates striatal dopamine receptors in Tourette syndrome (TS). Nevertheless, results of positron emission tomography (PET) studies of the dopamine system in TS have been inconsistent. We investigated striatal D2/3 dopamine receptors in TS using the radioligands [(11) C]raclopride and [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO, an agonist that binds preferentially to D3 receptors, thus allowing higher sensitivity and measurement of receptors in a high affinity state. Eleven adults with TS and 11 matched healthy control (HC) participants underwent [(11) C]raclopride and [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO PET scans. General linear model was used for voxelwise contrasts of striatal binding potentials (BPND) between TS and HC participants. Analysis of variance was performed to investigate main effect of radioligand. In addition, BPND values were extracted for ventral, motor, and associative striatum. Finally, we examined the relationship between BPND measures and symptom severity in TS participants. Main effects analyses showed that [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO BPND was higher in ventral striatum, whereas [(11) C]raclopride BPND was higher in motor and associative striatum. There were no significant group differences between TS and HC. Furthermore, TS and HC participants had similar [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride BPND in the three striatal subregions. Moreover, there was no significant correlation between BPND and symptom severity. TS and HC participants had similar striatal D2/3 receptor availability measures. These results challenge the assumption that striatal dopamine receptors have a major role in the pathophysiology of TS. Consistent with previous findings, [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO localized preferentially to ventral striatal, D3 receptor-rich regions, in contrast to [(11) C]raclopride, which localized preferentially in the dorsal striatum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Institute of Cognitive Sciences, CNRS, Lyon, France.Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Division of Brain, Imaging and Behaviour-Systems Neuroscience, Toronto Western Research Institute, UHN, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorder Unit & Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson's Disease and the Division of Neurology, Toronto Western Hospital, UHN, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Department of Psychiatry, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Youthdale Treatment Centers, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Division of Brain, Imaging and Behaviour-Systems Neuroscience, Toronto Western Research Institute, UHN, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Morton and Gloria Shulman Movement Disorder Unit & Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson's Disease and the Division of Neurology, Toronto Western Hospital, UHN, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25788222

Citation

Abi-Jaoude, Elia, et al. "Similar Striatal D2/D3 Dopamine Receptor Availability in Adults With Tourette Syndrome Compared With Healthy Controls: a [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride Positron Emission Tomography Imaging Study." Human Brain Mapping, vol. 36, no. 7, 2015, pp. 2592-601.
Abi-Jaoude E, Segura B, Obeso I, et al. Similar striatal D2/D3 dopamine receptor availability in adults with Tourette syndrome compared with healthy controls: A [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride positron emission tomography imaging study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015;36(7):2592-601.
Abi-Jaoude, E., Segura, B., Obeso, I., Cho, S. S., Houle, S., Lang, A. E., Rusjan, P., Sandor, P., & Strafella, A. P. (2015). Similar striatal D2/D3 dopamine receptor availability in adults with Tourette syndrome compared with healthy controls: A [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride positron emission tomography imaging study. Human Brain Mapping, 36(7), 2592-601. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.22793
Abi-Jaoude E, et al. Similar Striatal D2/D3 Dopamine Receptor Availability in Adults With Tourette Syndrome Compared With Healthy Controls: a [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride Positron Emission Tomography Imaging Study. Hum Brain Mapp. 2015;36(7):2592-601. PubMed PMID: 25788222.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Similar striatal D2/D3 dopamine receptor availability in adults with Tourette syndrome compared with healthy controls: A [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride positron emission tomography imaging study. AU - Abi-Jaoude,Elia, AU - Segura,Barbara, AU - Obeso,Ignacio, AU - Cho,Sang Soo, AU - Houle,Sylvain, AU - Lang,Anthony E, AU - Rusjan,Pablo, AU - Sandor,Paul, AU - Strafella,Antonio P, Y1 - 2015/03/18/ PY - 2014/10/25/received PY - 2015/02/07/revised PY - 2015/03/09/accepted PY - 2015/3/20/entrez PY - 2015/3/20/pubmed PY - 2016/3/30/medline KW - Tourette syndrome KW - basal ganglia KW - corpus striatum KW - dopamine KW - neostriatum KW - positron-emission tomography KW - raclopride KW - receptors, dopamine KW - receptors, dopamine D2 SP - 2592 EP - 601 JF - Human brain mapping JO - Hum Brain Mapp VL - 36 IS - 7 N2 - Pharmacological and anatomical evidence implicates striatal dopamine receptors in Tourette syndrome (TS). Nevertheless, results of positron emission tomography (PET) studies of the dopamine system in TS have been inconsistent. We investigated striatal D2/3 dopamine receptors in TS using the radioligands [(11) C]raclopride and [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO, an agonist that binds preferentially to D3 receptors, thus allowing higher sensitivity and measurement of receptors in a high affinity state. Eleven adults with TS and 11 matched healthy control (HC) participants underwent [(11) C]raclopride and [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO PET scans. General linear model was used for voxelwise contrasts of striatal binding potentials (BPND) between TS and HC participants. Analysis of variance was performed to investigate main effect of radioligand. In addition, BPND values were extracted for ventral, motor, and associative striatum. Finally, we examined the relationship between BPND measures and symptom severity in TS participants. Main effects analyses showed that [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO BPND was higher in ventral striatum, whereas [(11) C]raclopride BPND was higher in motor and associative striatum. There were no significant group differences between TS and HC. Furthermore, TS and HC participants had similar [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO and [(11) C]raclopride BPND in the three striatal subregions. Moreover, there was no significant correlation between BPND and symptom severity. TS and HC participants had similar striatal D2/3 receptor availability measures. These results challenge the assumption that striatal dopamine receptors have a major role in the pathophysiology of TS. Consistent with previous findings, [(11) C]-(+)-PHNO localized preferentially to ventral striatal, D3 receptor-rich regions, in contrast to [(11) C]raclopride, which localized preferentially in the dorsal striatum. SN - 1097-0193 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25788222/Similar_striatal_D2/D3_dopamine_receptor_availability_in_adults_with_Tourette_syndrome_compared_with_healthy_controls:_A_[_11__C]__+__PHNO_and_[_11__C]raclopride_positron_emission_tomography_imaging_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.22793 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -