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Health-related quality of life and related factors among elderly people in Jinzhou, China: a cross-sectional study.
Public Health 2015; 129(6):667-73PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

With rapid reductions in fertility and mortality, China has to face the dramatic ageing of its population. Although an ageing population is associated with greater life expectancy, and reflects a huge improvement in people's living standards and health care services, it also means that more elderly people suffer from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The prolonged course of illness and disability associated with chronic diseases may significantly reduce health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among elderly people. The aims of this study were to evaluate HRQoL of elderly people living in Jinzhou, and to identify the predictors of HRQoL.

STUDY DESIGN

Cross-sectional study with stratified sampling.

METHODS

A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1015 elderly people (≥60 years) living in the three administrative regions (Linghe, Guta and Taihe) of Jinzhou. A demographic questionnaire and Short Form-36 were employed to collect demographic variables and evaluate HRQoL, respectively. Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to estimate factors related to HRQoL of the subjects.

RESULTS

Lowest HRQoL scores were obtained in the following dimensions: general health (65.44), role-emotional (69.74) and role-physical (70.20). Multiple stepwise regression showed that factors associated with HRQoL of elderly people were medical health checks, age, socio-economic status, NCDs, and various unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, excessive drinking and insufficient exercise.

CONCLUSIONS

This study described overall HRQoL of elderly people in Jinzhou, and found that medical health checks, age, socio-economic status, NCDs, smoking, excessive drinking and insufficient exercise affected HRQoL. These findings will provide a basis for recommendations regarding health management of elderly people, and will also help local government to devise appropriate health intervention strategies for promoting the health status of elderly people in this region.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Health Nursing, Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, PR China.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, PR China.Department of Community Health Nursing, Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, PR China. Electronic address: LiuKun60@hotmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25796292

Citation

Dai, H, et al. "Health-related Quality of Life and Related Factors Among Elderly People in Jinzhou, China: a Cross-sectional Study." Public Health, vol. 129, no. 6, 2015, pp. 667-73.
Dai H, Jia G, Liu K. Health-related quality of life and related factors among elderly people in Jinzhou, China: a cross-sectional study. Public Health. 2015;129(6):667-73.
Dai, H., Jia, G., & Liu, K. (2015). Health-related quality of life and related factors among elderly people in Jinzhou, China: a cross-sectional study. Public Health, 129(6), pp. 667-73. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2015.02.022.
Dai H, Jia G, Liu K. Health-related Quality of Life and Related Factors Among Elderly People in Jinzhou, China: a Cross-sectional Study. Public Health. 2015;129(6):667-73. PubMed PMID: 25796292.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Health-related quality of life and related factors among elderly people in Jinzhou, China: a cross-sectional study. AU - Dai,H, AU - Jia,G, AU - Liu,K, Y1 - 2015/03/19/ PY - 2013/09/20/received PY - 2014/11/23/revised PY - 2015/02/16/accepted PY - 2015/3/23/entrez PY - 2015/3/23/pubmed PY - 2015/9/4/medline KW - Elderly KW - HRQoL KW - SF-36 SP - 667 EP - 73 JF - Public health JO - Public Health VL - 129 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: With rapid reductions in fertility and mortality, China has to face the dramatic ageing of its population. Although an ageing population is associated with greater life expectancy, and reflects a huge improvement in people's living standards and health care services, it also means that more elderly people suffer from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The prolonged course of illness and disability associated with chronic diseases may significantly reduce health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among elderly people. The aims of this study were to evaluate HRQoL of elderly people living in Jinzhou, and to identify the predictors of HRQoL. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with stratified sampling. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1015 elderly people (≥60 years) living in the three administrative regions (Linghe, Guta and Taihe) of Jinzhou. A demographic questionnaire and Short Form-36 were employed to collect demographic variables and evaluate HRQoL, respectively. Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to estimate factors related to HRQoL of the subjects. RESULTS: Lowest HRQoL scores were obtained in the following dimensions: general health (65.44), role-emotional (69.74) and role-physical (70.20). Multiple stepwise regression showed that factors associated with HRQoL of elderly people were medical health checks, age, socio-economic status, NCDs, and various unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, excessive drinking and insufficient exercise. CONCLUSIONS: This study described overall HRQoL of elderly people in Jinzhou, and found that medical health checks, age, socio-economic status, NCDs, smoking, excessive drinking and insufficient exercise affected HRQoL. These findings will provide a basis for recommendations regarding health management of elderly people, and will also help local government to devise appropriate health intervention strategies for promoting the health status of elderly people in this region. SN - 1476-5616 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25796292/Health_related_quality_of_life_and_related_factors_among_elderly_people_in_Jinzhou_China:_a_cross_sectional_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0033-3506(15)00071-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -