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Total Body Irradiation-Based Myeloablative Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation Is a Safe and Effective Alternative to Unrelated Donor Transplantation in Patients Without Matched Sibling Donors.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015 Jul; 21(7):1299-307.BB

Abstract

We enrolled 30 patients on a prospective phase II trial utilizing a total body irradiation (TBI)-based myeloablative preparative regimen (fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day × 3 days and TBI 150 cGy twice per day on day -4 to -1 [total dose 1200 cGy]) followed by infusion of unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells from a haploidentical family donor (haplo). Postgrafting immunosuppression consisted of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg/day on days 3 and 4, mycophenolate mofetil through day 35, and tacrolimus through day 180. Median patient age was 46.5 years (range, 24 to 60). Transplantation diagnosis included acute myelogenous leukemia (n = 16), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 6), chronic myelogenous leukemia (n = 5), myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 1), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 2). Using the Dana Farber/Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research/Disease Risk Index (DRI), patients were classified as low (n = 4), intermediate (n = 12), high (n = 11), and very high (n = 3) risk. All patients engrafted with a median time to neutrophil and platelet recovery of 16 and 25 days, respectively. All evaluable patients achieved sustained complete donor T cell and myeloid chimerism by day +30. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II to IV and III and IV was seen in 43% and 23%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 56% (severe in 10%). After a median follow-up of 24 months, the estimated 2-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), nonrelapse mortality, and relapse rate were 78%, 73%, 3%, and 24%, respectively. Two-year DFS and relapse rate in patients with low/intermediate risk disease was 100% and 0%, respectively, compared with 39% and 53% for patients with high/very high risk disease. When compared with a contemporaneously treated cohort of patients at our institution receiving myeloablative HLA-matched unrelated donor (MUD) transplantation (acute myelogenous leukemia [n = 17], acute lymphoblastic leukemia [n = 15], chronic myelogenous leukemia [n = 7], myelodysplastic syndrome [n = 7], non-Hodgkin lymphoma [n = 1], chronic lymphoblastic leukemia [n = 1]), outcomes were statistically similar, with 2-yr OS and DFS being 78% and 73%, respectively after haplo transplantation versus 71% and 64%, respectively, after MUD transplantation. In patients with DRI low/intermediate risk disease, 2-yr DFS was superior after haplo compared with MUD transplantations (100% versus 74%, P = .032), whereas there was no difference in DFS in patients with high/very high risk disease (39% versus 37% for haplo and MUD respectively, P = .821). Grade II to IV acute GVHD was seen less often after haplo compared with MUD transplantation (43% versus 63%, P = .049), as was moderate-to-severe chronic GVHD (22% versus 58%, P = .003). Myeloablative haplo transplantation using this regimen is a valid option for patients with advanced hematologic malignancies who lack timely access to a conventional donor. Outcomes appear at least equivalent to those seen in contemporaneous patients who underwent transplantation from MUD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address: ssolomon@bmtga.com.Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia.

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial, Phase II
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25797174

Citation

Solomon, Scott R., et al. "Total Body Irradiation-Based Myeloablative Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation Is a Safe and Effective Alternative to Unrelated Donor Transplantation in Patients Without Matched Sibling Donors." Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation : Journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, vol. 21, no. 7, 2015, pp. 1299-307.
Solomon SR, Sizemore CA, Sanacore M, et al. Total Body Irradiation-Based Myeloablative Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation Is a Safe and Effective Alternative to Unrelated Donor Transplantation in Patients Without Matched Sibling Donors. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015;21(7):1299-307.
Solomon, S. R., Sizemore, C. A., Sanacore, M., Zhang, X., Brown, S., Holland, H. K., Morris, L. E., & Bashey, A. (2015). Total Body Irradiation-Based Myeloablative Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation Is a Safe and Effective Alternative to Unrelated Donor Transplantation in Patients Without Matched Sibling Donors. Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation : Journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 21(7), 1299-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.03.003
Solomon SR, et al. Total Body Irradiation-Based Myeloablative Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation Is a Safe and Effective Alternative to Unrelated Donor Transplantation in Patients Without Matched Sibling Donors. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015;21(7):1299-307. PubMed PMID: 25797174.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Total Body Irradiation-Based Myeloablative Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation Is a Safe and Effective Alternative to Unrelated Donor Transplantation in Patients Without Matched Sibling Donors. AU - Solomon,Scott R, AU - Sizemore,Connie A, AU - Sanacore,Melissa, AU - Zhang,Xu, AU - Brown,Stacey, AU - Holland,H Kent, AU - Morris,Lawrence E, AU - Bashey,Asad, Y1 - 2015/03/19/ PY - 2015/01/21/received PY - 2015/03/06/accepted PY - 2015/3/24/entrez PY - 2015/3/24/pubmed PY - 2016/3/5/medline KW - Haploidentical KW - Myeloablative KW - Peripheral blood stem cells KW - Stem cell transplantation KW - Total body irradiation SP - 1299 EP - 307 JF - Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation JO - Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant. VL - 21 IS - 7 N2 - We enrolled 30 patients on a prospective phase II trial utilizing a total body irradiation (TBI)-based myeloablative preparative regimen (fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day × 3 days and TBI 150 cGy twice per day on day -4 to -1 [total dose 1200 cGy]) followed by infusion of unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells from a haploidentical family donor (haplo). Postgrafting immunosuppression consisted of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg/day on days 3 and 4, mycophenolate mofetil through day 35, and tacrolimus through day 180. Median patient age was 46.5 years (range, 24 to 60). Transplantation diagnosis included acute myelogenous leukemia (n = 16), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 6), chronic myelogenous leukemia (n = 5), myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 1), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 2). Using the Dana Farber/Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research/Disease Risk Index (DRI), patients were classified as low (n = 4), intermediate (n = 12), high (n = 11), and very high (n = 3) risk. All patients engrafted with a median time to neutrophil and platelet recovery of 16 and 25 days, respectively. All evaluable patients achieved sustained complete donor T cell and myeloid chimerism by day +30. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grades II to IV and III and IV was seen in 43% and 23%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 56% (severe in 10%). After a median follow-up of 24 months, the estimated 2-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), nonrelapse mortality, and relapse rate were 78%, 73%, 3%, and 24%, respectively. Two-year DFS and relapse rate in patients with low/intermediate risk disease was 100% and 0%, respectively, compared with 39% and 53% for patients with high/very high risk disease. When compared with a contemporaneously treated cohort of patients at our institution receiving myeloablative HLA-matched unrelated donor (MUD) transplantation (acute myelogenous leukemia [n = 17], acute lymphoblastic leukemia [n = 15], chronic myelogenous leukemia [n = 7], myelodysplastic syndrome [n = 7], non-Hodgkin lymphoma [n = 1], chronic lymphoblastic leukemia [n = 1]), outcomes were statistically similar, with 2-yr OS and DFS being 78% and 73%, respectively after haplo transplantation versus 71% and 64%, respectively, after MUD transplantation. In patients with DRI low/intermediate risk disease, 2-yr DFS was superior after haplo compared with MUD transplantations (100% versus 74%, P = .032), whereas there was no difference in DFS in patients with high/very high risk disease (39% versus 37% for haplo and MUD respectively, P = .821). Grade II to IV acute GVHD was seen less often after haplo compared with MUD transplantation (43% versus 63%, P = .049), as was moderate-to-severe chronic GVHD (22% versus 58%, P = .003). Myeloablative haplo transplantation using this regimen is a valid option for patients with advanced hematologic malignancies who lack timely access to a conventional donor. Outcomes appear at least equivalent to those seen in contemporaneous patients who underwent transplantation from MUD. SN - 1523-6536 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25797174/Total_Body_Irradiation_Based_Myeloablative_Haploidentical_Stem_Cell_Transplantation_Is_a_Safe_and_Effective_Alternative_to_Unrelated_Donor_Transplantation_in_Patients_Without_Matched_Sibling_Donors_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1083-8791(15)00175-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -