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Lower limb control and strength in runners with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome.
Gait Posture. 2015 Mar; 41(3):813-9.GP

Abstract

Recreational runners with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) have been shown to present altered movement kinematics, muscle activations, and ground reaction forces (GRF) during running as well as decreased lower limb strength. However, these variables have never been concurrently evaluated in a specific cohort. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare lower limb control variables during running in recreational runners with and without PFPS. Lower limb control during treadmill running under typical training conditions (usual shoes, foot strike pattern, and speed) was compared between runners with (n=21) and without (n=20) PFPS using lower limb kinematics, electromyographic (EMG) recordings from representative muscles (gluteus medius/maximus, quadriceps and soleus), and vertical GRF. Isometric muscle strength was also evaluated. When comparing all runners from both groups, no between-group differences were found in variables commonly associated with PFPS such as peak hip adduction, hip internal rotation, contralateral pelvic drop, EMG of gluteal and quadriceps muscles, vertical loading rate, or lower limb strength. However, runners with PFPS showed significantly higher hip adduction at toe-off, lower excursion in hip adduction during late-stance, and longer duration of soleus activation. Sub-analyses were performed for females and for rearfoot strikers (RFS), and revealed that these subgroups accounted for most of between-group differences in hip adduction kinematics. Specifically for RFS with PFPS, lower activation of gluteus medius as well as lower GRF were observed. Our results suggest that deficits reported in runners with PFPS may vary depending on gender and on foot strike pattern.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Quebec Rehabilitation Institute, 525, Boulevard Wilfrid Hamel, Quebec City (QC), Canada, G1M 2S8; Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry, 1050, avenue de la Médecine, Quebec City (QC), Canada, G1R 1P5. Electronic address: jean-francois.esculier.1@ulaval.ca.Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Quebec Rehabilitation Institute, 525, Boulevard Wilfrid Hamel, Quebec City (QC), Canada, G1M 2S8; Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry, 1050, avenue de la Médecine, Quebec City (QC), Canada, G1R 1P5. Electronic address: jean-sebastien.roy@rea.ulaval.ca.Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation and Social Integration, Quebec Rehabilitation Institute, 525, Boulevard Wilfrid Hamel, Quebec City (QC), Canada, G1M 2S8; Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Pavillon Ferdinand-Vandry, 1050, avenue de la Médecine, Quebec City (QC), Canada, G1R 1P5. Electronic address: laurent.bouyer@rea.ulaval.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25800001

Citation

Esculier, Jean-Francois, et al. "Lower Limb Control and Strength in Runners With and Without Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome." Gait & Posture, vol. 41, no. 3, 2015, pp. 813-9.
Esculier JF, Roy JS, Bouyer LJ. Lower limb control and strength in runners with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome. Gait Posture. 2015;41(3):813-9.
Esculier, J. F., Roy, J. S., & Bouyer, L. J. (2015). Lower limb control and strength in runners with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome. Gait & Posture, 41(3), 813-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.02.020
Esculier JF, Roy JS, Bouyer LJ. Lower Limb Control and Strength in Runners With and Without Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. Gait Posture. 2015;41(3):813-9. PubMed PMID: 25800001.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lower limb control and strength in runners with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome. AU - Esculier,Jean-Francois, AU - Roy,Jean-Sébastien, AU - Bouyer,Laurent Julien, Y1 - 2015/03/09/ PY - 2013/10/25/received PY - 2014/09/10/revised PY - 2015/02/28/accepted PY - 2015/3/25/entrez PY - 2015/3/25/pubmed PY - 2015/12/15/medline KW - Anterior knee pain KW - Electromyography KW - Kinematics KW - Running SP - 813 EP - 9 JF - Gait & posture JO - Gait Posture VL - 41 IS - 3 N2 - Recreational runners with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) have been shown to present altered movement kinematics, muscle activations, and ground reaction forces (GRF) during running as well as decreased lower limb strength. However, these variables have never been concurrently evaluated in a specific cohort. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare lower limb control variables during running in recreational runners with and without PFPS. Lower limb control during treadmill running under typical training conditions (usual shoes, foot strike pattern, and speed) was compared between runners with (n=21) and without (n=20) PFPS using lower limb kinematics, electromyographic (EMG) recordings from representative muscles (gluteus medius/maximus, quadriceps and soleus), and vertical GRF. Isometric muscle strength was also evaluated. When comparing all runners from both groups, no between-group differences were found in variables commonly associated with PFPS such as peak hip adduction, hip internal rotation, contralateral pelvic drop, EMG of gluteal and quadriceps muscles, vertical loading rate, or lower limb strength. However, runners with PFPS showed significantly higher hip adduction at toe-off, lower excursion in hip adduction during late-stance, and longer duration of soleus activation. Sub-analyses were performed for females and for rearfoot strikers (RFS), and revealed that these subgroups accounted for most of between-group differences in hip adduction kinematics. Specifically for RFS with PFPS, lower activation of gluteus medius as well as lower GRF were observed. Our results suggest that deficits reported in runners with PFPS may vary depending on gender and on foot strike pattern. SN - 1879-2219 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25800001/Lower_limb_control_and_strength_in_runners_with_and_without_patellofemoral_pain_syndrome_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0966-6362(15)00068-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -