Long-term efficacy of biofeedback therapy in patients with dyssynergic defecation: results of a median 44 months follow-up.Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Jun; 27(6):787-95.NM
The beneficial effect of biofeedback therapy (BFT) over a period of more than 2 years has not been studied in a large group of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of BFT for dyssynergic defecation (DD).
We evaluated the results for 347 consecutive constipated patients with DD who underwent BFT for a median of five sessions between 2004 and 2009. Initial responses were assessed immediately after the completion of BFT. A responder was defined as a subject with at least a three-point improvement from before to after BFT on an 11-point global bowel satisfaction (GBS) scale, or a two-point improvement if the baseline GBS was more than six points. The probability of remaining a responder was estimated by non-parametric maximum likelihood estimation.
The initial response rate to BFT was 72.3% (n = 251), Parkinson's disease and higher baseline GBS scores were associated with initial non-response. The long-term efficacy of BFT was analyzed in 103 patients who were followed up for more than 6 months; the initial effects of BFT were maintained in 85 of the patients (82.5%) during a median of 44 months of follow-up (IQR = 12-68). The probability of remaining a responder was 60% at 2 years, and 58% at 5 years.
CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES
The efficacy of BFT is maintained for more than 2 years after BFT in a considerable proportion of constipated patients with DD. BFT is effective and durable treatment for managing DD.