Multifunctional graphene optoelectronic devices capable of detecting and storing photonic signals.Nano Lett. 2015 Apr 08; 15(4):2542-7.NL
The advantages of graphene photodetectors were utilized to design a new multifunctional graphene optoelectronic device. Organic semiconductors, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), and graphene were combined to fabricate a photodetecting device with a nonvolatile memory function for storing photonic signals. A pentacene organic semiconductor acted as a light absorption layer in the device and provided a high hole photocurrent to the graphene channel. The AuNPs, positioned between the tunneling and blocking dielectric layers, acted as both a charge trap layer and a plasmonic light scatterer, which enable storing of the information about the incident light. The proposed pentacene-graphene-AuNP hybrid photodetector not only performed well as a photodetector in the visible light range, it also was able to store the photonic signal in the form of persistent current. The good photodetection performance resulted from the plasmonics-enabled enhancement of the optical absorption and from the photogating mechanisms in the pentacene. The device provided a photoresponse that depended on the wavelength of incident light; therefore, the signal information (both the wavelength and intensity) of the incident light was effectively committed to memory. The simple process of applying a negative pulse gate voltage could then erase the programmed information. The proposed photodetector with the capacity to store a photonic signal in memory represents a significant step toward the use of graphene in optoelectronic devices.